Abductive reasoning, also referred to as abductive approach is set to address weaknesses associated with deductive and inductive approaches. The key difference between inductive and deductive reasoning is that the inductive reasoning proceeds from specific premises to a general conclusion while deductive reasoning proceeds from general premises to a specific conclusion.. The main difference between inductive and deductive reasoning is that inductive reasoning aims at developing a theory while deductive reasoning aims at testing an existing theory.. Inductive reasoning moves from specific observations to broad generalizations, and … Deductive, inductive, and abductive reasoning are three basic reasoning types.In simple terms, deductive reasoning deals with certainty, inductive reasoning with probability, and abductive reasoning with guesswork. These three methods of reasoning, which all other reasoning types essentially fall under or are a mix of, can be a little tricky … All the Einstein’s work was not either inductive or deductive; however it involved creative imagination or visualization that hardly seemed important to the observation of falling elevators and moving trains. In Abductive reasoning, the research may be revolutionary, intuitive, and creative. While inductive reasoning begins with an observation, supports it with patterns and then arrives at a hypothesis or theory, deductive reasoning begins with a theory, supports it with observation and eventually arrives at a confirmation. Inductive and deductive reasoning are essentially opposite ways to arrive at a conclusion or proposition. Barbara Minto talks about the inductive and deductive forms of reasoning in her book “The Minto Pyramid” (p17) A deductive grouping ,presents an argument in successive steps. Conversely, deductive reasoning uses available information, facts or premises to arrive at a conclusion. Still, they are often juxtaposed due to lack of adequate information. Published on April 18, 2019 by Raimo Streefkerk. Revised on November 11, 2019. So, abductive reasoning is really taking an incomplete or partial list of observations about a situation and drawing an inference from these observations. It is also described as a method where one's experiences and observations, including what are learned from others, are synthesized to come up with a general truth. Induction vs. Abduction. However, abductive reasoning looks for cause-and-effect relationships, while induction seeks to determine general rules. Deduction Vs. Specifically, deductive reasoning is criticized for the lack of clarity in terms of how to select theory to be tested via formulating hypotheses. In this article, we are going to tell you the basic differences between inductive and deductive reasoning, which will help you to understand them better. Inductive reasoning is a method of reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence, but not full assurance, of the truth of the conclusion. Deductive & Inductive Reasoning. Inductive vs. deductive reasoning. The difference between abductive reasoning and inductive reasoning is a subtle one; both use evidence to form guesses that are likely, but not guaranteed, to be true. These two logics are exactly opposite to each other.