The birch cambium is cut into strips and boiled to create these edible Birch Noodles. Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a. Betula lenta, or Sweet Birch, is a deciduous, pyramidal shaped tree, maturing into a more rounded shape that may grow 60 to 70 feet tall. Russians have used birch leaves in steam baths since recorded history. Holy basil is highly aromatic and antimicrobial; its leaves and flowers are used as a medicinal tea for colds, coughs, asthma, bronchitis, sinusitis, headaches, arthritis, diabetes, stress, and anxiety. Uses (Ethnobotany): This plant is used in the production of wintergreen oil. Cherokee Indians used the inner bark to make a green tea infusion as a sedative to calm nerves. The tree sap is used as a tonic for skin, muscle and joint issues. —Gently stimulant, diaphoretic, and astringent. Heights of 50 feet (15 m) to 80 feet (24 m) are more typical. It grows primarily on the mountains of the western part of the state. The bark of young trees is smooth, breaking into small chip-like plates as it ages. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. One of the oddest products that comes from Black Birch trees are the “noodles”. Betula lenta / Black Birch quantity Add to cart SKU: N/A Category: Latin Name A - D Tags: all native plants , deer resistant , edible , medicinal , moisture - average/mesic , moisture - dry , part sun to part shade , shade garden , sun , tea , tree Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. The leaves can be chewed or used in an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. In the past, the people of the Appalachians cut large numbers of this tree to produce wintergreen oil. Betula lenta L. Sweet Birch. Marles RJ, Clavelle C, Monteleone L, Tays N, Burns D. Aboriginal plant use in Canada's northwest boreal forest. Due to these qualities, the wood has been used in the past as a mahogany substitute. The oil, called 'oil of wintergreen', used to be produced commercially, but it is now manufactured synthetically[222]. 11 Amazing Health Benefits of Birch Essential Oil. A tea made from the twigs is used in the treatment of fevers. The leaves of the Sweet Birch are 2.5" to 6", broad, ovate with cordate base, single-toothed margins, alternate and simple. Interestingly, the wood was used to make pianos, when they were a necessary feature of every respectable home's parlor. It is a bitter - astringent tonic herb. 100 saplings and young trees were needed to produce only a quart of the oil. Betula platyphylla and Betula pendula have specifically been found to be potentially useful in the treatment of degenerative joint disease. It has a dark brown to greyish black color. Contact Dermatitis. The Black Birch tree's parts are used for a variety of products. Its w. ood is hard, heavy, and close-grained. The odor of oil in cedar can be used as aromatic ingredient in soap liniment, and the oil itself can be used as cleaner, sterilizer.Industries today extract oil from boughs and leaves through steam distillation. The hard, close grained lumber is used for furniture and interior trims. This Omeka collection is hosted by The Center for Teaching and Learning at the University of Vermont. Sweet Birches are best grown in moist, acidic, sandy, or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade and are often found in woodlands, preferring north-facing slopes and moist soils. Crushed twigs smell like wintergreen. Prevents Bacterial Infections Birch essential oil contains salicylic acid and methyl salicylate, two compounds that are known […] Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature. The flower on the Sweet birch has 3" to 4" male catkins. Betula alleghaniensis: bark yellow to silver, exfoliating, and leaf blades coarsely and often irregularly serrate with fewer than 6 teeth per cm (vs. B. lenta, with bark brown, not exfoliating, and leaf blades finely and regularly serrate with usually more than 6 teeth per cm). The best foliage color occurs in full sun. 2013;68(6):382-3. Birch sap, birch water or birch juice is the sap directly tapped from birch trees, Betula alba (white birch), Betula pendula (silver birch), Betula lenta, Betula papyrifera, and Betula fontinalis.. Birch sap may be consumed both fresh and naturally fermented.When fresh, it is a clear and uncoloured liquid, often slightly sweet with a slightly silky texture. Birch is a tree. In decoction or syrup it forms an excellent tonic to restore the … The leading ingredient in wintergreen oil, methyl salicylate, is actually found in large quantities (30%) in Ben Gay, a modern topical ointment. A tea made from the twigs is used in the treatment of fevers[222]. Birch Essential Oil Uses and Benefits 1. Betula lentaGaultheria procumbens It may seem strange to consider together two such different plants as the black or sweet birch, a towering tree growing to 60 feet, and the inconspicuous trailing wintergreen, or teaberry, often only two inches tall! Betula lenta pulp is used in various products such as box boards, book and newsprint, and corrugated paper. This plant is used in the production of wintergreen oil. Sap has been used for syrup and brewed into beer; however, oil from the bark can be toxic. The Cherokee chewed the Black Birch leaves to treat diarrhea, the Delaware used the bark to create an elixir to purge the body, and the Iroquois used it to treat sore muscles. Birches are considered a "pioneer" species and, thus, tends to grow quickly when young. Birch oil is the real source of ‘oil of wintergreen’ essential oil, used in chewing gum, breath mints and many quality medicinal products. Also commonly referred to as Black Birch or Cherry Birch, this versatile-minty essential oil has a captivating medicinal yet refreshing wintergreen aroma that's very invigorating. highly deer resistant; Fire in the landscape. Historically, B. lenta was harvested to produce wintergreen oil (methyl salicylate) that was distilled from it. But there is a good reason.Birches, black birch among them, had several medicinal uses for native… Medicinal Uses: This tree is used as a treatment for infections, rheumatism, various stomach conditions, fever, severe diarrhea, neuralgia, skin conditions such as boils, gonorrhea, lung ailments and gout. Leaves turn a golden-yellow color in the fall. It is from this connection that the alternative name Mahogany Birch was created. Betula lenta, known by the common names of black birch, sweet birch, or cherry birch, is a native birch species present throughout much of eastern North America. Its wood is hard, heavy, and close-grained. Therapeutic birch essential oil ( Betula lenta) can be sourced from the U.S.A or Canada in an indigenous, wild-crafted state. Other benefits includes supporting kidney health, regulating hormone levels, promoting healthy scalp and acting as a … It is valued for its wood, which when exposed to air darkens to resemble mahogany, as well as being a source of wintergreen oil. Vancouver: UBC Press; 2000. Dark, shiny, tight bark with horizontal lenticels. It is most commonly used to treat joint pain or arthritis in the form of a salve or lotion. Brew tea to purify the blood, eliminate kidney stones, and expel worms. Throughout history, people have used parts of the Black Birch medicinally in a variety of ways. 2003. It is a larval host plant for the Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Our organically crafted Birch Essential Oil, also known as Sweet Birch Oil, is steam distilled from the bark of the Betula lenta trees native to the eastern North America. The wintergreen produced from this plant is identical to wintergreen produced by the wintergreen plant. The twigs are also used for brooms and thatchings. Brew tea to purify the blood, eliminate kidney stones, and expel worms. Sweet Birch essential oil has a history of use for sore and fatigued muscles. The essential oil, distilled from the bark, has been used for gout, inflammation, muscle and joint aches, and pain. North American birch is extracted from the fragrant inner bark and twigs of the tree. During summer, 1 to 1.5-inch oblong, erect cones ripen and break apart, exposing the 2 very small, winged nutlets. You may see Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) which has one flight from June-July, Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus) with one brood April-July and rarely a second in the south, and Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) which has three flights from February-November in the south and two flights May-September in the north. The resin also serves many medicinal purposes. Rating Content; Positive: On Nov 30, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote: Sweet Birch, also called Cherry or Black Birch, grows native in the cool, mature woods, often near Eastern Hemlock, of southeast Pennsylvania and the rest of the Appalachian Region where the soil is … Many moths also use as a host plant. Specifically, it is mainly used in conditions such as: In fact, it has been used to treat everything from cancers to warts. The Sweet Birch has small green flowers that are tinged with red and mature in early spring. Meyer-Hoffert U, Brasch J. Allergic contact dermatitis caused by betulin-containing triterpene extract from the outer bark of birch (Betula alba). The leading ingredient in wintergreen oil, methyl salicylate, is actually found in large quantities (30%) in Ben Gay, a modern topical ointment. Sweet birch (Betula lenta), also commonly referred to as black birch or cherry birch, was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. The branches of a young Black Birch tree (Lewis-Slammon, 2014). The birch cambium is cut into strips and boiled to create these edible Birch Noodles. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: Birches can become stressed by summer heat and humidity. ... (Betula lenta) bark, and a touch of cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) and add it to sparkly water to make a homemade root beer soda. This plants' seed is a nutlet. Characteristics and habitat. The tree is also used to create a wine colored dye. In each and every form, the herb acts as an excellent tonic and a detoxifier. Proceedings XII World Forestry Congress, Quebec City, Canada. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, you can prune during the dormant season. The oil, called "oil of wintergreen", used to be produced commercially, but it is now manufactured synthetically. It has a good use today. To learn more about five common medicinal trees and shrubs, visit Juliet’s article here. Aphids, canker, leaf miner and birch skeletonizer may occur. Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage. Keep the tree consistently moist and consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. Several species belonging to the genus Betula are widely used in traditional medicine. Do not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it will bleed. Due to these qualities, the wood has been used in the past as a mahogany substitute. Blouin G. Medicinal use of forest trees and shrubs by indigenous people of northeastern North America. Betula lenta L. Show All Show Tabs sweet birch General Information; Symbol: BELE Group: Dicot Family: Betulaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Tree: Native Status: CAN N L48 N: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. “ Birch” means : “ a tree whose bark is used for writing on”. Betulaceae. Interestingly, the wood was used to make pianos, when they were a necessary feature of every respectable home's parlor. The twigs are also used for brooms and thatchings. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Betula lenta uses Medicinal Use: In every form, birch makes an excellent tonic and detoxifier, mainly working on the urinary system to remove waste products, … The following trees are among my favorite woodland medicinals: Black birch (Betula lenta, Betulaceae) Black walnut (Juglans nigra, Juglandaceae) Hawthorn (Crataegus spp., Rosaceae) Mulberry (Morus spp., Moraceae) Pine (Pinus spp., Pinaceae) It is used in the treatment of rheumatism, bladder infections, neuralgia etc[222]. Betula pendula, B. pubescens, B. lenta Birch has a multitude of historical uses but is less familiar for its undoubted medicinal properties. The leaves can be chewed or used in an infusion in the treatment of dysentery[257]. This makes it an excellent ally in the treatment and cure of many skin abnormalities. (Betula pendula Roth) Used externally, birch has soothing, antiseptic, healing, hair-tonifying and antiperspirant properties. It is from this connection that the alternative name Mahogany Birch was created. Used in warm infusion wherever a stimulating diaphoretic is required; also in diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera infantum, etc. Neil I. Lamson. Used in cosmetic shampoos (List and Horhammer, 1969–1979), and in the sugar industry for flavoring and in perfumery. The inner bark gives off a wintergreen scent. Western medicine has also found uses for wintergreen oil. It is also found on rocky soils; however, it is sensitive to compacted soil. The Black Birch tree's parts are used for a variety of products. Native to eastern North America, it is commonly found in forests of both low and high elevation as far south as the mountains of Georgia, but, except for a few cool spots, it is rare in the Piedmont of North Carolina. Watch for leaf spot problems. Today wintergreen oil is produced chemically using wood alcohol and salicylate It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet. ← Natural and Cultural History of the Black Birch, Natural and Cultural History of the Black Birch. Betula lenta is a medium-sized deciduous tree reaching 30 m (98 ft) tall, exceptionally to 35 metres (115 ft) with a trunk up to 60 cm (2.0 ft) diameter. View abstract. The Medicinal Herb Info site was created to help educate visitors about the often forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses. It is used as a treatment for ailment such as infections, rheumatism, stomach conditions, fever, severe diarrhea, neuralgia, skin conditions such as boils, gonorrhea, lung ailments and gout. Extraction Method: Steam distillation from the bark of the birch tree Aroma: Pine, Camphoraceous, Sweet Origin: Canada. One of the oddest products that comes from Black Birch trees are the “noodles”. The tree is also used to create a wine colored dye. It is most commonly used to treat joint pain or arthritis in the form of a salve or lotion. Birch tar oil, distilled from the wood and bark of Betula pendula Roth is used for eczema, psoriasis, and other skin diseases. Betulaceae -- Birch family. 100 saplings and young trees were needed to produce only a quart of the oil. It is used in the treatment of rheumatism, bladder infections, neuralgia etc. The wood is most often used for lumber, veneer, furniture, cabinets, wooden work, boxes, handles, and paper pulp. form a strategic partnership called N.C. N.C. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. Its seeds are eaten by birds. In the past, the people of the Appalachians cut large numbers of this tree to produce wintergreen oil. The tree is also known as the Giving Tree , for its sap, leaves, bark, shoots, twigs and buds, all the parts can be put to use for medicinal purposes. Foliage is a reliable golden yellow and among the best of the birches. Birch essential oil is extracted through both the White Birch and the Silver Birch. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. In younger trees the bark is characteristic of most birches, with smooth bark and distinct horizontal lenticels. Birch Essential Oil benefits includes acting as a detoxifier, improving blood circulation, fighting infection, maintaining oral health, relieving migraine and headaches, supporting respiratory health and fighting bacterias. Scientific Name: Betula lenta. Native Americans traditionally used the inner bark and resin to help wounds, sore throats, coughs, and to treat infectious diarrhea. With disinfectant, stimulant, antidepressant, detoxifying and astringent properties, the oil is commonly used for natural medicinal purposes. Bark tea used for fevers, stomachache, and lung ailments. Native Americans use cedar for medicinal uses much more completely than us. The wood is most often used for lumber, veneer, furniture, cabinets, wooden work, boxes, handles, and paper pulp. Oil from bark used for anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties to treat rheumatism, gout, and bladder infection.

betula lenta medicinal uses

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