Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85(3): 2472–2478. : Simple with Pinnate or Parallel Venation, Distribution It typically lives to be 150 to 200 years old and exhibits its greatest annual growth between 20 and 40 years of age. They can also be found in northern and central South America and in southern to central Africa. A very common pest of the Hackberry is the Hackberry Leaf Gall Psyllid. Longevity 50 to 150 years. If you’ve ever been surprised by the sting of a tree's spine, you may have wondered exactly why some species are covered with prickly spikes. [4], Celtis ehrenbergiana is the only US species of the genus with thorns. A hackberry with teeth. Popular Name: Spiny Hackberry. The spiny thickets that these small tree form are are a safe, food-filled haven for all manner of small birds. Width: 8 - 10 feet. Duration: Perennial, Evergreen (may lose leaves after hard frosts) Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert Flower Color: Inconspicuous (whitish) Flowering Season: Summer The leaves are simple, arranged alternately along the stem, ½ to 2¼ inches long and ½ to 1 inch wide. Description: Hackberry is planted as a street tree in midwestern cities because of its tolerance to a wide range of soil and moisture conditions.. En: Stevens, W.D., C. Ulloa, A. While Spiny Hackberry flowers are tiny and inconspicuous, their bright orange, pea-sized berries certainly are not. Tree: Native Status: L48 N: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Interesting Facts About the Hackberry Tree. Again, the damage to the tree in insignificant other than appearance of the tree. cturtletrax/Getty Images. Growing along its stems are characteristic thorns that are sharp, heavy, unequal and paired. Notes: The berries are actually good and slightly sweet; locally it is referred to as "Granjeno." Types of Spiny Trees. The fruits persist throughout the winter if they aren't harvested, offering a long-term source of food for creatures during tough seasons. Hackberries provide a food source for a wide variety of birds and wildlife, including game birds and opossum. Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. Has Evergreen to Partly Deciduous foliage. If you are one of the editors of this guide it should copy everything, but if you're not, it will only copy the licensed content. The most widespread of these three species is the small desert hackberry (Celtis pallida Torr. Extremely rare bonsai species. 2001. spiny hackberry dykuminis celtis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Celtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, medingas augalas (Celtis ehrenbergiana), paplitęs Šiaurės ir Pietų Amerikoje.atitikmenys: lot. hackberry is a large deciduous tree reaching 12 m to 18 m in height at maturity. Common Names: Common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry.. Habitat: On good bottomland soils, it grows fast and may live to 20 years.. But to ask most to consider another hackberry takes a bit of convincing to overcome that old prejudice. Height from soil: 15 inches. Tree Characteristics. Hackberry also is susceptible to witches broom, a proliferation of small branches, also probably insect induced. Report on the United States and Mexican Boundary Botany 2(1): 203. Height: 10 - 15 feet. Celtis ehrenbergiana angl.angl. Very tough and durable as shrub or small tree. How do you spell the variety of tree known as hackberry? Celtis ehrenbergiana. Ripe Spiny Hackberry berries contrast nicely with the shrub's green leaves and look quite enticing to eat. Spiny hackberry is a evergreen shrub (or small tree) with whitish gray zigzag shape branches that produces shiny orange pea sized fruit throughout the year, regardless of the season. Its stout thorns, dense branches, and sweet, edible, small orange berries in the fall make it extremely valuable for wildlife food and cover. Each produces an edible fruit and strong, flexible wood utilized by the native populations. Drupes are orange, yellow or red, juicy, egg-shaped, about 7 mm in diameter, and edible by humans and wildlife.[5]. Spiny Hackberry - Celtis pallida or Celtis ehrenbergiana. You can also view a clickable map. Book: Brush and Weeds of Texas Rangelands (B-6208), Web Site Maintenance:, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. Other common names for this plant include Desert Hackberry, Granjeno, Shiny Hackberry. I have never seen exhibited anywhere in California, in the past 20 years. Some common varieties of Hackberry are: Green Cascade, Prairie Sentinel, Prairie Pride and Magnifica. A typically zigzagging branch of one about shoulder high, bearing new leaves and flowers, is shown above. Its smooth, gray branches zigzag between the thorns. Emory, William Hemsley. It is native to Arizona, Florida, New Mexico and Texas, and to Latin America as far south as central Argentina.It grows in dry locations such as deserts, brushlands, canyons, mesas and grasslands. Plant Name. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Celtis ehrenbergiana - Spiny Hackberry -- Discover Life Hackberry is deciduous and perennial tree comprising the flowering plant genus Celtis in the plant family Ulmaceae. Growing along its stems are characteristic thorns that are sharp, heavy, unequal and paired. Bark: Mottled light gray to reddish brown; smooth; paired spines. Leaves are small for the genus, less than 3 cm (1.2 inches) long and 2 cm (0.8 inches) wide. Celtis ehrenbergiana, called the desert hackberry or spiny hackberry, is a plant species that has long been called C. pallida by many authors, including in the "Flora of North America" database. Three species of hackberry grow in the South Texas Plains. Spiny hackberry flowers are greenish white. The old prejudice was that a hackberry was trash tree. The fruit is eaten by a number of birds and mammals, and the leaves provide browse for white-tailed deer. Hackberry trees have egg-shaped leaves that taper to … Rounded or Spreading Shape. Native from southern United States, to Argentina. A large variety of hackberry trees grow throughout the United States, South America, Africa, Asia and … Native: Introduced: Both: Absent/Unreported: Native ... Celtis ehrenbergiana (Klotzsch) Liebm. Flowers: White, small and inconspicuous. DESERT HACKBERRY, SPINY HACKBERRY, GRANJENO. Flora de Nicaragua. Desert Hackberry Spiny Hackberry. Ulmaceae. This shrub provides excellent food and cover for wildlife. When the eggs hatch, the insects feed by sucking on the sap of the leaves, which is why the leaves are yellow. The leaf blades are hairy and somewhat rough. If you've encountered some round, spiny balls under a tree or maybe still on the plant, and you're wondering what it could be, it's likely one of several options: buckeye/horsechestnut (Aesculus), chestnut (Castanea), or sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua).All are common landscape trees and produce spiny pods around their seeds. Spiny hackberry, or granjeno, is a native, cool-season perennial shrub reaching 4 to 15 feet tall. This pest is normally considered just a nuisance rather than destructive to the tree. The second NICE plant, Spiny hackberry (Celtis ehrenbergiana), is the recommended Plant of the Month for February. Pool & O.M. Spiny hackberry grows in thickets in parks, alleys and brushy edges, providing nesting opportunities for birds and forage for wildlife; it’s also the host for American Snout butterflies in late summer. Sonoran Desert Naturalist, Desert Hackberry, Southeastern Arizona Wildflowers, Firefly Forest, Celtis ehrenbergiana,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 April 2019, at 21:49. Habitat: Tree, shrub, found in hot climates. DESERT HACKBERRY FLOWERING The Desert Hackberry, sometimes called Spiny Hackberry, CELTIS PALLIDA, is common in the scrubby forest around Uvalde. Due to its spiny branches, this hackberry is best suited for hedges or to screen the background of the garden. The leaf blades are hairy and somewhat rough. Celtis ehrenbergiana (Celtis pallida) Sponsored Links: Watercolor from live specimen found in western foothills of Four Peaks, Maricopa Co., AZ, 11 May 1992. Also known as … I grew it from a seedling originated from a botanical garden in Los Angeles. The fruit is a yellow or orange - occasionally red - drupe, which is a fleshy fruit such as a peach or plum that usually contains a hard stone enclosing a seed. You can see the eggs of the psyllids in your picture. Flowers are born in cymes of 3-5 flowers. Height: 10-20 feet. Diameter at trunk base: 2.25 inches. It grows in dry locations such as deserts, brushlands, canyons, mesas and grasslands. Foliage: Almost evergreen. The best way to identify a hackberry tree is by its warty, gray to brown bark. x Copy guide taxon to... You can copy this taxon into another guide. Hackberry trees usually grow to a height of 30 to 40 feet and to a trunk diameter of 1 to 2 feet, though these trees can be much larger. GRANJENO Spiny Hackberry Celtis llida - Ulmaceae, Elm Family DESCRIPTION: Small tree to large shrub with zigzag branches and paired spines on trunk and twigs. : 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 06 - South Texas Plains, 07 - Edwards Plateau. The bark is grayish and warty, and stems have a zigzag appearance. Each leaf has three prominent veins and is toothed or sparsely toothed along the margins. There are 60 to 70 species of hackberry that can be found in temperate climate around the world. Stem Texture: Prickly, Spiny, or Thorny, Leaf Shape Look for these thickets in arid, hot areas of south and west Texas, though in these environments they will likely cluster near water sources including dry gullies. Home Page. 1859. Spiny Hackberry. In the US, it is a shrub or small tree up to 3 m (10 feet) tall, with thorns on the branches, although it can grow taller in the tropics. Its smooth, gray branches zigzag between the thorns. Park Activities Calendar of Events Volunteer Programs Park Regulations Todzia, C. A. – spiny hackberry Subordinate Taxa. Hackberry nipple gall, which are nipple-shaped outgrowths caused by a small insect are often unsightly but cause no damage to the tree. Celtis ehrenbergiana, called the desert hackberry or spiny hackberry, is a plant species that has long been called C. pallida by many authors, including in the "Flora of North America" database. The Snout Butterfly is at upper right. Spiny hackberry is found on a variety of soils in brush thickets and other brushlands, mainly in South Texas and the Edwards Plateau. The phone number of the Hackberry Branch is: 337-762-3978.

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