Paint holding: Good. Box 157 | 520 East Harper | Troy, TN 38260 Grain: Irregular; coarse. Turning: Good. This wood hardness scale starts at 0 lbf, the wood closer to which is the softest and most prone to scratches and dents. It also indicates the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood species. Paint holding: Good. Bending: Medium. Both woods with the lowest and highest rating will not be good options for flooring. How was the Hackberry to turn? Hackberry is moderately hard, heavy, and has medium bending strength, high shock resistance, but is low in stiffness. Richard, very nice bowl. Hardwoods dry at a rate of 1″ per year under good conditions. People confuse dry wood with seasoned wood. AVAILABILITY Stability: [ability to stay in place] - High. Planing, molding and jointing: Good. Other common names given to the hackberry include common hackberry, sugarberry, nettletree, beaverwood, northern hackberry and American hackberry. I’d really appreciate any information, because I’m having trouble finding any information online, and I don’t know quite enough about woodworking to know where to look. Comments: In terms of outward appearance, Hackberry bears a close resemblance to ash; anatomically, however, it’s closest to elm (Ulmus spp. Nailing and screw driving – Fair. Machining: Fair. I would also guess that its pore structure would not be ideal. Hi Samantha, Botany. I’m happy the the finished project. Color variation: Yellowish gray to light brown with yellow streaks. Wondering that myself. How to Get Rid of Hackberry Trees. Depending on the species of wood, needs to season for about 12 months. Finishing: Fair; Susceptible to blue staining before and after kiln drying. ), with the pores arranged in wavy tangential bands (ulmiform arrangement), which is characteristic of the elms. Janka hardness. Burning unseasoned wood is 30% less efficient. Strength: Medium. Responds superbly to steam bending. Most tonewoods are quite dense, which is what makes the acoustic qualities of most (medium to small) wind instruments good. Wood Hardness Chart Species (Alphabetical) Hardness Species (by Hardness) Hardness Mahogany, Honduran 800 Padauk 1725 Mahogany, Santos 2200 Tabaccowood 1750 Maple, Hard North American 1450 Rosewood, Bolivian 1780 Maple, Ivory 1500 Bamboo, Carbonized 1800 Maple, Soft 999 Hickory 1820 Merbau 1925 Pecan 1820 Mesquite 2345 Yellowheart 1820 Hardness: Moderate. It would be nice to use the name “Celtis” in the building of some of my instruments since I’m in the construction of Irish citterns. rtreeder@comcast.net Nailing and screw driving – Fair. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be light to medium brown, with a reddish hue; sapwood is a paler yellowish brown. This site lists hackberry as a non-toxic wood for pets (along with mulberry) but I want to figure out if it's safe for gerbils specifically. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular … Wide sapwood is a contrasting light yellow. Maybe big enough for quarter sawn. Turning: Good. They are broad crowned and often have an erratic shape. Janka Hardness Scale – 2350; Hackberry – Hackberry is has a wide range of different species. Elastic Modulus: 1,190,000 lb f /in 2 (8.21 GPa) Crushing Strength: 5,440 lb f /in 2 (37.5 MPa) Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 8.9%, Volumetric: 13.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.9. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball's diameter (the diameter was chosen to produce a circle Its fleshy, purple-brown berries ripen in late summer and persist through winter. It dries fairly rapidly, with a tendency to warp. Dry wood simply means it had not been rained on recently. Boring: Fair. Types of Wood Comparing American Hardwoods, Softwoods and Tropical Hardwoods. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES The wood is classified as moderate in weight, hardness, stiffness and shock resistance. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Decay resistance: Minimal. Hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa leilia Places in the United States. P.O. Phone: 731-536-4682 |Fax: 731-536-4758 | Email: [email protected]. Let me know if you find out. Stiffness: Low. Relative Hardness Table for Domestic and Imported Woods Janka Numbers For Domestic & Exotic Wood Species The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. It has moderate shrinkage and little movement in performance. Allergies/Toxicity: Hackberry has been reported to cause skin irritation. The wood glues well and stains and polishes, with care, to an excellent finish. Stiffness: Low. Gluing: Fair. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light brown to gray. It has a good steam-bending classification. The leaves look, to me, to be so similar to prized tropical hardwoods, particularly the rosewoods, I’d wondered if it is related, or possesses any of the same desirable characteristics, making it suitable for musical instruments. A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation on the … Hackberry is a Chicago-area native and a sturdy, tolerant shade tree for streets and parkways, or parks and other large areas. Green wood if burned in a fireplace will typically result in a lot of smoke and creosote build up in your chimney. Bending: Medium. The sapwood stains easily, and as such, the color is … Even if you haven't heard of spalted wood, you might have seen it.Rather than a subtle coloring, some of its wood grains are as pronounced as if … Stability: [ability to stay in place] - High. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Susceptible to blue-gray fungal staining if not processed promptly. The Janka hardness test is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. Natural color: Yellowish. Carpentry, Cabinetry and Interior Woodworking - Hackberry Wood For Desk - I am having a desk built from Hackberry wood and would like to have your thought's on this wood? The tree when first cut shows a wide, white sapwood and a dark heartwood. The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is a large deciduous shade tree that is is capable of reaching 70 feet tall and 50 feet wide at maturity. But the characteristics of each hackberry species remain the same. Endgrain: Ring-porous; 2-3 rows of large to very large earlywood pores; small to medium latewood pores in wavy tangential bands; tyloses common; parenchyma vasicentric, banded (marginal); medium to wide rays, spacing wide. Therefore, you’ll want to go with something that is easier to split. The tenacious hackberry tree (Celtis occidentalis), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 9, withstands much that nature sends its way. Celtis, genus of deciduous trees known as hackberries; Prunus padus, a species of cherry tree; Entomology. In terms of its weight and hardness, the answer would be “ideal!” The… Read more ». Samantha and Rob, I came to the (always reliable) Wood Database looking for info that would help on that very same topic! Our chart is based on the Janka Hardness Scale which is the industry standard for gauging the ability of various wood species to resist denting and tolerate normal wear. The tree was first cultivated in 1636. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Such as a guitar or flute, or anything at all? Hackberry, Arizona (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Because of the air space between the pieces of wood, the amount of solid wood in a cord may be only 70-90 cubic feet, even though the volume of the stack is 128 cubic feet. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! A cord of firewood measures 128 cubic feet. Other varieties of hackberry vary in hardness (one variety of African celitis is used for flooring). In fact, alon… Wood Hardness Janka Hardness Test: A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation of the Brinell Hardness Test. We have a huge Hackberry tree out back that will have to come down soon. The wood has a medium hardness, so the finish you apply will give the hardness to accommodate as a writing surface. Because wood drys alot from the sides also, a 2″ stick . Because of its characteristic, hackberry wood is not that commercially viable. Hanafee Bros. Sawmill Co., Inc. I don’t need specific information about how to do it, but I would really appreciate knowing if the Celtis wood is commonly used for any musical instruments. Staining: Satisfactory. Wood products are known for their natural beauty, but when selecting a type of wood for your next cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, it is important to also consider the level of durability by understanding the difference between wood types. Sanding: Fair; 2/0 gives best results. The hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. These trees can grow up to the height of 60 feet and have a spread of around the same. Hackberry is a little stronger and stiffer than many other hardwood species; it is quite close to elm and just little below ash. Unless you have an electric or gas-powered splitter, you’re going to be using brute force. Common Firewood Measurements. All the best, It’s overall appearance is similar to ash (Fraxinus spp. Spalted and/or stained pieces are sometimes sold at an increased price. Workability with hand tools: Good. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light brown to gray. Ultimately, you need to find a wood that won’t be too difficult to split. Common Uses: Furniture, boxes/crates, veneer, turned objects, and bent parts. Splitting Hackberry Wood. Strength: Medium. Lumber is sold interchangeably with the closely related Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata). In earlier years, its tough, flexible wood was used for barrel hoops, and many a pioneer cabin was equipped with durable hackberry wood flooring. One variety, the Mediterranean Hackberry (celitis australis) is also known as the European Nettle tree or Lotus. Green Wood or Unseasoned Wood. Resilient and adaptable, it tolerates wide-ranging soils and urban pollution, and it usually scoffs at wind. You didn’t steer me wrong with your description of Hackberry. Hackberry is a grainy hardwood, like elm. In fact, they are mixed and sold together. Wood that makes the best firewood for a fireplace is seasoned wood not green wood. The common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) has the greatest range, but a southern hackberry, called sugarberry, produces the most commercial lumber. It's expressed in psi, or pounds-per-square-inch. While wind instruments can technically be made from any wood, hackberry is not considered a tonewood. They have wooden toys of varying hardness in their cage and seem to alternate between chewing toys made of harder wood and toys made of softer wood. Actually, there are four hackberry species in North America, all looking a lot the same. “On the last day of the world, I would want to plant a tree.” — W. S. Merwin. Machining: Fair. Gluing: Fair. BobReeder.com. Texture: Fine, uniform. Thanks! The wood has some shrinkage, but keeps its shape in seasoning.
• Cutting edges should be sharp to avoid the wood’s blunting effect. Glues, turns, stains, and finishes well. The Janka hardness test is a measurement of the force necessary to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter into a vertically sawn piece of wood. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Boring: Fair. Also susceptible to fungal discoloration and insect attack. Workability with hand tools: Good. Pricing/Availability: Not widely available outside its natural range, Hackberry is regularly harvested and sold as utility lumber at a modest price within its natural range. a number of brush-footed butterflies in the genus Asterocampa: . This is older thread, but I’ll comment anyway. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Hardness: Moderate. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. ), and it’s sometimes used in place of ash. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable. The creosote will stick to the sides of the chimney and can ignite causing a chimney fire. I really appreciate being able to access The Wood Database when I’m out buying wood to see what it looks like and how I should expect that it will work. 11 Kinds of Wood Not to Burn in Your Fireplace 1. Green wood also tends to smoke and smolder creating the possibility for creosote to form in the chimney. While I don’t have experience with this, I’m only guessing by looking at its specific gravity and density figures. takes 1 yr. to season, a 4″ stick tages 2 years, etc. Planing, molding and jointing: Good. The highest rating so far is 5,060 lbf, which is the hardest wood. A cord is 128 cubic feet of stacked wood. Hackberry grows best in the thick forests of the bottomlands. What Is The Common Hackberry Good For? Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis, Celtis laevigata, Tree Size: 40-60 ft (12-18 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 37 lbs/ft3 (595 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .49, .60, Modulus of Rupture: 11,000 lbf/in2 (75.9 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,190,000 lbf/in2 (8.21 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,440 lbf/in2 (37.5 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 8.9%, Volumetric: 13.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.9. The sap and fruits, along with bird droppings, in season, drive my long-suffering brother batty. Sanding: Fair; 2/0 gives best results. Decay resistance: Minimal. Elastic Modulus: 2,160,000 lb f /in 2 (14.90 GPa) Crushing Strength: 9,210 lb f /in 2 (63.5 MPa) Shrinkage: Radial: 7.0%, Tangential: 10.5%, Volumetric: 16.7%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. Workability: Generally good working characteristics with both hand and machine tools, though smaller pieces with knots, or sections with interlocked grain can pose challenges in machining. There is a very large Hackberry in my brother’s backyard, partially overhanging the driveway. Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight or occasionally slightly interlocked, with a very coarse uneven texture. The common hackberry tree is often a host to butterfly larval. Hackberry is reputed to among the very best woods for steam bending among hardwoods native to the United States and Canada. The dark heartwood is probably wound induced, and the amount will vary greatly depending on the tree. When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. Wide sapwood is a contrasting light yellow. It is to be noted that there is no type of wood with 0 lbf. Could hackberry wood, or any wood from the Celtis genus be used to make musical instruments? This is why you’ll want to choose to hackberry wood. Hackberry Color of Wood Yellow or Golden Brown Hackberry Contrast between growth rings Ring Porous Hackberry Crushing Strength Low Hackberry Decorative Figure No ... Hackberry Hardness Average Hackberry Hardwood or Softwood Hardwood Hackberry Harmful Properties Non Toxic Hackberry Interlocked Grain Yes Hackberry Kiln-dried Shrinkage

hackberry wood hardness

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