At first this feature was published on the old site of BdFISH at the date of 11 June 2008. New Delhi: Lovers of hilsa, the fish considered a big delicacy in most Bengali households, have some good news to look forward to. Hilsa fish forms an important part of Bengali cuisine. Fauna of British India. It is the popular food fish to the people of the Bay of Bengal region. Probably these fishes migrated towards the north of the Bay of Bengal and caught along with H. ilisha. Marine and Freshwater Fishes of Ceylone. Professor, Department of Zoology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh. Fowler (1934) proposed the generic name for this fish as Tenualosa. The IUCN labels the Tenualosa ilisha as a “Least Concern” species. The ban on hilsa, Bangladesh’s national fish, was introduced in 2011 by the government to protect fragile hilsa stocks. A check list of the fishes of Rajshahi. Fish. The species is known to ascend rivers as far as 1,200 km upstream from the mouth of the river (but generally travels upstream for about 50 to 100 km). landing of huge number of Hilsa fishes in the fish landing center, Introduction Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) is the single largest fishery of Bangladesh. Cooked with mustard oil or seeds, it is considered to be a mouthwatering delicacy in Bangladesh and in the Indian state of West Bengal. Dr. Oishimaya Sen Nag is a freelance writer and editor from Kolkata, India. SHAFI, M. and QUDDUS, M.M.A. Fishes of the Ganges 243. Dhaka, Bangladesh. He also mentioned in his book that Munro named this fish as Tenualosa ilisha collected from the marine and freshwater environment of Ceylon. In the long term, this is an unsustainable practice. Unfortunately, the hilsa fish is in great danger today. RAHMAN, A. K.A. The national fish of Bangladesh contributes to around 12% of overall fish production in Bangladesh, which is equivalent to around 1% of the country’s GDP. However, a significant difference was seen in its wandering areas. Sci. Professor Sugata Hazra, Director, School of Oceanographic Studies at Jadavpur University Kolkata said: “Hilsa is being overfished much above its sustainable limit. JHINGRAN, V.G. All other authors of the sub continent such as Alikhunhi, Hora, Nazir Ahmed, Jhingran (1975), Rahman (1989), Talwar and Jhingran (1991) described the fish as Hilsa ilisha. The study also pointed towards the deterioration of the health condition of the hilsa stock in its natural habitat which may be attributed to overfishing. REGAN, 1917. Its natural habitat is the estuaries or the seas. The genus Hilsa can not be discarded since it is not retained for other fish. Bhuiyan (1964) described this fish as Hilsa ilisha. 1934. Bull.Br. But very soon Bengalis in Bangladesh might well have to do without it. But for fishing-dependent households like Putul Rani’s, the ban means they must find another source of income or depend on what little savings they have to cover basic household costs. 19(8):303. 85:246. Fishes of India. HAMILTON-BUCHANAN, 1822. William- Dawsons and Sons Ltd., London. Asiatic Society of Pakistan, Dacca. The hilsa fish, more popularly known as “ilish,” is a popular dish in many parts of South Asia. Jul 13, 2020 - Explore Margaret Samantray's board "Hilsa fish" on Pinterest. WHITEHEAD. The plummeting hilsa population in the northern Bay of Bengal is not only a concern for the local governments of the region but also indicates how high demands for a fish species and unregulated fishing activities can lead to species overexploitation. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Ganges River is Dying, and Dying Fast, Welcome to the Era of Biological Annihilation, Experts Say, A Large Iceberg Has Broken Away From the Antarctic Peninsula, The EU Wants to Ban All Logging in This Polish Forest, Forest Fires Blaze Through Montenegro, Croatia, Selfie Sticks, Food Trucks, and Glass Bottles All Targets of Milan Ban. It is found in Indian sub-continent especially in Bangladesh. Bangladesh. (function(d, s, id) { Learn how your comment data is processed. var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; 172. A quantity of 1,475 tonnes of the national fish of Bangladesh is being exported as a 'goodwill gesture' towards India. The common Indian shad ‘hilsa’, the national fish of Bangladesh, belongs to the Clupeidae family under the genus Tenualosa and species ilisha, and is anadromous in nature. The present rate of exploitation of the species was found to be double of the preferred exploitation rate and indicated the overexploitation of the hilsa fish stock in the region. Aside from its distinctive role as the national fish of Bangladesh, the fish finds mention in Bengali prose, poetry, and even cinema. 1985. 12(4): 134. But because of the construction of the Farraka Barrage in the upstream there has been the less flow of water in the Padma and as a result there has been the dearth of turbidity, depth and water current. The capture of the first-time spawners dominates the Hilsa fisheries. If Shafi and Quddus; Rahman and Whitehead want to accept this freshwater shad as Tenualosa by discarding Hilsa then what is the other fish for which this Hilsa name has been retained? The Hilsa fish is a very important species of fish. Munro (1955) described the marine and freshwater hilsa fish of Ceylon as Tenualosa ilisha. (126)7(1):222. Around half a million fishermen are directly dependent on Hilsa production for their livelihood, and another two million indirectly. 73. Fishes of Dacca. Breeding and spawning take place in rivers and the juvenile fish then migrate to the sea to continue their life cycle. The freshwater shad i.e. The implementation of bottom trawl ban within 30 meter water depth. Hilsa fish or ilish fish any of the members of the genus Tenualosa of the family Clupeidae, order Clupeiformes, scientific Species Tenualosa ilisha.Bangla name is Ilish, the Hilsa national fish of Bangladesh.Ilish fish body is strongly compressed & moderately deep … It is highly popular mainly because of it’s flavor and taste. So in conclusion we should say that the scientific name of Tenualosa ilisha is the spotted Sri Lankan ilish. It is a very popular food fish in the country. Nat. Gopal and the Hilsa-Fish Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer Type. This might lead to the collapse of the fishery in the future.”. 2. It is the national fish of the country and it makes a huge contribution to the national economy and employment (Haldar, 2001). Concerned over the dwindling numbers of the fish in Ganga, the government-run National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has embarked on an ambitious, technology-aided project to help conserve and increase the natural stock of hilsa in the river. A sizeable amount of hilsa is imported to India from Bangladesh to meet the skyrocketing demands for this fish. It is a very popular food fish in the country. The popularity of the hilsa is undying. Ms. Isha Das, a senior research fellow at the School of Oceanographic Studies, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, and the lead researcher of the study spoke to us about why she chose to focus on the hilsa for her study. The hilsa fish, more popularly known as “ilish,” is a popular dish in many parts of South Asia. Rahman (2005) in the revised edition of his book mentioned this fish as Tenualosa ilisha, probably following Whitehead (1965, 1985). Hilsa (ilish) any of the members of the genus Tenualosa of the family Clupeidae, order Clupeiformes. It is highly valued in Bangladesh and India(especially in West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu). The hilsa occurs in the Indian Ocean’s northern parts, including the northern Bay of Bengal. 3. Hilsa is the main important single-species fishery in Bangladesh. Fig.9. The hilsa is a highly valued fish that is noted for its great taste. #HILSA: Tenualosa ilisha (ilish, ilisha, hilsa, hilsa herring ("ইলিশ" in Bengali) or hilsa shad) is a species of fish related to the herring, in the Clupeidae family. (1992) described the fish as H. ilisha. According to the study, a rise in the number of licensed fishing boats in the Bay of Bengal is responsible for the plummeting stock of Hilsa. So this marine or estuarine fish does not ascend the upstream for breeding in this line. Fishes-1:376. East Bengalis love Poddar ilish ("ilish" is another name for hilsa) that's been sourced from the Padma River. On 6 August 2017, Department of Patents, Designs … Due to its high demand, the fish is often referred to as the “King of Fishes”. Department of External affairs, Canberra, Australia. Hilsa is the national fish of Bangladesh and a popular food in the region. (Zool.) She also mentioned that every year, the hilsa catch during the monsoons sets the mark for the market price of the fish. I have collected few individuals of Tenualosa ilisha from Rajshahi fish market which were caught along with Hilsa ilisha. Of all these 3 species only H. ilisha comes to the upstream of the river Padma, Meghna or Jamuna for breeding. Bangladesh claims to account for 60% of the Hilsa catch every year and it is the country’s national fish. Experts said that increasing siltation at river-mouths has blocked the fish’s migration routes. See more ideas about Bengali food, Bangladeshi food, Fish curry. He did not find any fish of the genus Hilsa in Sri Lanka. It is generall… The study also revealed that there is a maximum probability that the first spawners and juvenile hilsa would be caught by the fisheries due to the small mesh-size nets. They without giving taxonomic keys described it as T. ilisha, probably following Whitehead (1965, 1985) who in the name of revision described this freshwater shad as T. ilisha. Fig-1: Photograph shows Spotted Ilish Tenualosa ilisha (Sri Lankan hilsa) [A”], National fish of Bangladesh Hilsa ilisha (adult) [B] and Hilsa ilisha, Jatka (Juvenile) [C] Ilish or Hilsa is the national fish of Bangladesh. H. toli and H. keele are marine. A very popular fish in Southeast Asia, it is the national fish of Bangladesh. Hilsa ilisha and Tenualosa ilisha resemble each other but the only morphological difference is that H. ilisha is spotless and the whole body is smooth while the body of T. ilisha is spotted dorsolaterally. Acad. DAY, F. 1889. Mag. FAO. 1989, 2005 (revised) Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh. The body is strongly compressed and moderately deep with dorsal and ventral profile equally convex. The scientific name of this fish is Hilsa Ilisha (Hamilton –Buchanan, 1822). It is a very popular fish amongst the people of South Asia and Middle East, but especially with Bengalis and Odias. If you love having fish, there's nothing better than a Bengali style fish curry. and HOSEN, T. 1992. 1975. FOWLER. It is a very popular and sought-after food fish in the Indian Subcontinent. Despite massive crackdown during the ongoing ban on hilsa netting, random catching of the fish continues at different points of Padma river. Hilsa. But Cyprinus genus was not discarded; it has been retained for the Euroean major carps. A sumptuous Bengali feast is incomplete without the hilsa . For, the population of hilsa -- the country's national fish -- is fast decreasing in its river system. Its presence has also been reported in some parts of coastal Southeast Asia. For decades fishermen in Myanmar have caught and sold the hilsa fish, but overfishing and poor regulation is taking a terrible toll, as the BBC's Ko Ko Aung reports. It is unlikely that demands for the fish will go down anytime in the near future. Ann. It is the national fish of Bangladesh. TYK Prokashon. The specific name of this fish ilisha was first proposed by Hamilton-Buchanan in 1822. Once, this fish was abundantly available in the river Padma near Rajshahi. She loves to participate in wildlife conservation activities and to explore new places and cultures. In addition, efforts should be made to provide substantial assistance to hilsa fisherman while implementing 10 days abstinence ( five days before and after the full moon between 15th September to 24th October) from hilsa fishing during the winter spawning period. Hilsa is the national fish of Bangladesh which contributes about 11% of total fish production and 1% to the GDP. The government has approved multiple power projects near hilsa sanctuaries in Patuakhali coastal area, posing a threat to the breeding and nurturing of the national fish. Bhuiyan et al. Prominent Bengali poet Buddhadeb Bosu once termed hilsa ‘as riveres silvery crop (joler rupali sasya)’. It is the most popular fish to the Bengalis who call it as Ilish. Around half a million fishermen are directly dependent on the Hilsa for their livelihood, and another two million are indirectly dependent. These two fishes i.e. Millions of people are also indirectly involved in its trade. It is the national fish of the country and it makes a huge contribution to the national economy and employment (Haldar, 2001). However, at the same time, the IUCN mentions that in recent years, Hilsa catches in India have rapidly declined. All other species of Hilsa i.e. When it is in season (September to October), hilsa lovers tend to loosen their purse strings at least once. It is a very tasty and delicious fish. }(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk')); If NO, You may send your feedback from Here, OR, Do you have any fisheries relevant question? The national fish of Bangladesh contributes to around 12% of overall fish production in the country, which is equivalent to around 1% of the country’s GDP. 1955. (Fig-1). Researchers fear that the hilsa fish, which is a popular food in many parts of South Asia, may be at risk of being hunted into extinction if unsustainable practices continue. BHUIYAN, A.L. The fish was also named as Clupanodon ilisha by Lacepede (Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822). Fish and Fisheries of India. There are three species of this fish such as H. ilisha, H. keele and H. toil. Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) is the single largest fishery of Bangladesh. A Bengali proverb is “Macher raja Ilish” which means “Hilsa is the king of fish” (Sarker et al., 2016). National fish Hilsha (Tenualosa ilisha) is gaining national and international recognition, and there has been an increasing trend for the last 18 years. and JHINGRAN, A.G. 1991. The ilish (Tenualosa ilisha) (Bengali: ইলিশ, romanized: iliš), also known as the ilisha, hilsa, hilsa herring or hilsa shad, is a species of fish related to the herring, in the family Clupeidae. 640. pl. It is an extremely delicious and spicy fish curry recipe that you can be easily prepared at home. N.B. The annual catch data of hilsa provided by the West Bengal Fisheries Department, Government of West Bengal, shows that the annual catch of hilsa has decreased by 13% within a period of 14 years (from 2002 to 2015) in spite of an increase in the number of boats engaged in hilsa fishing by 25%. Speaking of the initial objectives of her study, Ms. Das said: “The notion of studying this particular issue came into my mind when the annual marine catch trends of West Bengal were reviewed. Question 1. Ilish plays an important role in festive occasions including wedding rituals and other auspicious ceremonies of Bengalis. Hilsa fish (ilish mach), the national fish of Bangladesh is the most desired fish in Bangladesh. WHITEHEAD 1965. BHUIYAN, A.S., ISLAM, M.N. It is a very tasty and delicious fish. Hilsa fisheries serve as the source of livelihood for nearly half a million people in Bangladesh, and thousands more in India. Here I want to mention that our major carp rui was once named as Cyprinus rohita. More than a dish, the hilsa fish transcends the culinary world to become a part of Bengali culture. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Hilsa has secured recognition as the second geographical indication (GI) product of Bangladesh (“Hilsa recognised Bangladesh’s,” 2017). Don't think I'm attacking your religious sentiments by setting an example of Prophet Muhammad. Prof. Hazra also suggested the following corrective measures be put into place to ensure the recovery of the Hilsa stock: 1. The genus Tenualosa is to be discarded since it was proposed later by Fowler, Munro retained this genus for Srilankan ilish. These two are distinct species. Locally known as Ilish, the fish has been designated as the national fish of Bangladesh. It is the national fish of Bangladesh. Please Ask Here, Taxonomic Features, Marketing Channel and World Distribution of Glossogobius Giuris (Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822), Large razorbelly minnow: Salmostoma bacaila, Professor Dr. N. I. M. Abdus Salam Bhuiyan, Air-Breathing Organ of Fishes: Swim Bladder or Air Bladder, মাছ চাষের সাধারণ সমস্যা ও সমাধান: পুকুরের পানিতে লাল স্তর, মাছ ও চিংড়ির স্বাস্থ্য ব্যবস্থাপনায় দেশীয় প্রযুক্তিগত জ্ঞান ব্যবহার, শ্রিম্প টয়লেট (shrimp toilet): চিংড়ি চাষের উৎপাদন বাড়াতে অভিনব এক প্রযুক্তি, শিক্ষার্থীর জন্য মৎস্য স্টিকার: মৎস্য সম্প্রসারণের কার্যকরী ও অভিনব এক পদ্ধতি, আমুর কার্প: মাছচাষের সম্ভাবনাময় এক নতুন জাত, বাজারে মাছ কাটাকুটির পেশা: তৈরি হতে পারে পিজি ব্যবসার বিপুল সম্ভাবনা, শ্রীমতী আরতি বর্মন: পশ্চিমবঙ্গের একজন সফল মৎস্য উদ্যোক্তা, BdFISH: Bangladesh Fisheries Information Share Home. Hilsa Fish (Pulasa). Now let us see scientifically which name is valid for this fish. Nat. Bangladesher Matsha Shampad (in Bangla). At present the main hilsa landing centres are Chandpur, Chittagong and Barisal. The controversy arose when Shafi and Quddus (1982) described this freshwater/Ganges/Padma river shad as Tenualosa ilisha. Nat. A type of oily fish which is common in Bengali and Oriya cuisines. The most famous hilsh fish comes from Chandpur District, Bangladesh. fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); People were more interested in his appearance than the fish. The availability of Hilsa, the national fish, is expected this year like the last few years. TALWAR, P.K. In the end, it will be the people who will lose if wild hilsa ceases to exist. To protect this important fishery, Bangladesh has set up a landmark management system, imposing a blanket fishing ban for more than two months every year. ———————————-. 115. The fish is regarded as a great delicacy in India's Bengalee-dominant state as well. He was wearing rugs, his face was half-shaven and ash was smeared over his body. Photo credit: Shutterstock. About 2… The fish is also exported globally. Fig. Hilsa fish is a rich, oily fish packed with many nutrients. Ilish or Hilsa is the national fish of Bangladesh. The range of the fish extends from the Persian Gulf to the coasts of Myanmar including both the eastern and western coasts of India. Bangladesh national fish ilish is Hilsa ilisha and not Tenualosa ilisha. Hilsa, the national fish of Bangladesh, is mainly exported from the Pathorghata, Bhola, Barishal, Kalapara districts of Barishal division and from Chandpur under Chattogram division. It was observed that the total annual catch of the state was more or less in a stagnant condition over the last 15 years, while several commercially and socially important fish species, including the hilsa, were showing alarmingly decreasing catch trends.”, “Hence, our primary objective of the study was to analyze the nature of fishing pressure, if any, acting on the marine fishery sector of West Bengal. East Bengal jhol, or fish curry, is heavily spiced with ginger, garlic, and cumin. Later on Cuvier in 1878 and Hamilton-Buchanan (1822) named it as Clupea ilisha. The hilsa is a marine euryhaline fish that migrates up rivers from the sea to spawn. To learn more, World Atlas caught up with two researchers involved in a study undertaken at the Jadavpur University in Kolkata, West Bengal that points evidence to this danger. Cooked with mustard oil or seeds, it is considered to be a mouthwatering delicacy in Bangladesh and in the Indian state of West Bengal. We wanted to inspect whether the hilsa is being overfished in the northern Bay of Bengal.”. Hilsa fish is considered to be one of most favorite and delicious fish in the world. Fig. The Hilsa fish is actually an oily fish, and is rich in Omega 3 fatty acids. Hist. The fish has a wide distribution and is found in marine, estuarine and riverine habitats. MUNRO, I.F.R. But when it was found that Cyprinus is a distinct genus of European carp which is different from our rui fish so later on it was named as Labeo rohita. Phelad. Its oily texture, mouth-watering flavor and unique taste make it the king of all its species. Reprinted in 1958. In a recently published study, scientists have raised their concerns about the unsustainable nature of hilsa fishing practices in the northern Bay of Bengal. The situation in Bangladesh also does not look favorable for the species. Hilsa, Tenualosa ilisha, is a large anadromous shad that is the national fish of Bangladesh. Dhaka. He proposed the generic name Hilsa for this freshwater Gangetic shad. Gopal had bought because of Gopal’s condition. A fish called hilsa. Rajshahi University Studies. DAY, F. 1878. 382. pl.19. Its natural habitat is the estuaries or the seas. Thus, without the strict implementation of restrictions on hilsa fisheries, there is a high possibility of the hilsa being fished to extinction. A 22-day ban was slapped on October 14 to be withdrawn on November 4. The fish contributes about 12% of the total fish production and about 1.15% of GDP in Bangladesh. Hilsa or ilish is an expensive seasonal fish. All other genera and species of hilsa are marine and they also breed in marine environment. Fish.Synop. 1982. It is a very popular and sought-after food fish in the Indian subcontinent. js.src = "//connect.facebook.net/en_GB/sdk.js#xfbml=1&version=v2.8&appId=470199356343916"; There are 6-7 elongated spots in this fish. Hilsa contributes about 12% to the total fish production and 1% to GDP. A 100-gram serving of hilsa contains roughly 310 calories, 25 grams of protein, and 22 grams of fat. The period is a vital phase for hilsa … Mus. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; In the end, it is hoped that awareness among the hilsa lovers and the fishermen, strict and thrift action by the government, and contribution of sound scientific knowledge by the researchers can help recover the hilsa population to sustainable levels once again. So the generic names Clupea, and Clupanodon were retained for other marine fishes. 1964. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This question is akin to asking why is prophet Muhammad popular in Indonesia, when he belongs to the Arab world. Hindustan publishing Corporation, New Delhi, India. Strict implementation of the already existing fishing regulation on hilsa fishery. It is an important migratory species in the Bay of Bengal, Persian g ulf, So according to the law of priority the name Hilsa remains valid and Tenualosa is discardable since both these names are given to the same fish. Zoological Soc. If YES, Please SHARE with your friends Fisheries Features special reference to Bangladesh, Fig-1: Photograph shows Spotted Ilish Tenualosa ilisha (Sri Lankan hilsa) [A”], National fish of Bangladesh Hilsa ilisha (adult) [B] and Hilsa ilisha, Jatka (Juvenile) [C] During entire life, Hilsa shad (the national fish of Bangladesh) migrates both from sea to freshwater and freshwater to sea to meet the biological demand. 3. But for breeding purposes it has to come to the upstream or rivers. It is also prepared during Durga Puja. No one was interested about the Hilsa fish. There is another species of hilsa known as Tenualosa ilisha but this species is found in the middle or mid region of the Bay of Bengal near Sri Lanka. Regan (1917) found that this fish is different from other marine hilsas. There was no controversy regarding the naming or nomenclature of this hilsa or ilish fish till 1970s. Part-B(12):287-306. At present, the number of boats operating in the northern Bay of Bengal exceeds the sustainable limit by far resulting in overexploitation of hilsa population. “Hilsa was selected for the study because of its economic importance and the high number of fishermen involved with the trade, the high market price of the fish and its significant influence on the socio-cultural environment of West Bengal,” she said. hilsa is spotless and the whole body is smooth while in Tenualosa there are 6-7 dorsolateral elongated spots (Fig-1). Now, hilsa, the national fish of Bangladesh, will be registered internationally as a fish of Bangladesh, the Daily Star reported. The Tenualosa ilisha or the hilsa is a fish of the Clupeidae family. It also supplies 27% of your daily value of vitamin C, 2% of the iron you require, and an amazing 204% of your daily calciumrequirement. This measure has reversed the earlier declining trend of the fish catch. A ban of zero mesh net in the estuary to save the hilsa. Proc. 4. The ingredients used to prepare this dish are Hilsa fish… Fig. It is commercially very important is some south Asian countries. Because the name Hilsa was first proposed by Regan in 1917 and Tenualosa by Fowler in 1934. if (d.getElementById(id)) return; It lays its eggs in large rivers despite being a sea fish and their young are caught while swimming back to the sea since they are the most delicious. The results of the study conducted by Ms. Das and her colleagues revealed some hard facts related to Hilsa fisheries in the northern Bay of Bengal.

hilsa national fish of

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