Mars is the nearest planet to the Earth after Venus. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and is the second smallest planet in the solar system. These moons are small and are irregularly shaped. Sources: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/mars/overview/ , https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/marsfact.html, https://astrogeology.usgs.gov/maps/mars-viking-hemisphere-point-perspectives First Published: June 2012Last Updated: May 2020Author: Chris Jones, https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/mars/overview/, https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/marsfact.html, https://astrogeology.usgs.gov/maps/mars-viking-hemisphere-point-perspectives, The Ultimate List of TV Shows set in Space or on Other Planets, The Planets and Moons of Star Wars to Scale. Mars is one of the many planets that have our scientists intrigued and excited about the possibility of life beyond the Earth. On 13 February 2019, NASA officially lost contact with its Mars rover “Opportunity”. By doing so, India became the first country in the world to set a spacecraft into Mars’ orbit in its first attempt. 22. Overall, as of now, Mars would be a totally inconvenient place to live. It’s Northern cap is called – Planum Boreum, and Southern cap is called – Planum Australe. Mars has the largest dust storms in the Solar System, reaching speeds of over 100 miles per hour (160 kilometers per hour). Even though Mars has only 15% of the Earth’s volume and just over 10% of the Earth’s mass, around two thirds of the Earth’s surface is covered in water. Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system with an equatorial and polar diameter of 6,700 kilometres. 2. 56. In simple terms, 1 AU is the average distance between the Sun and Earth. 15. The diameter of Mars is 6.779 km or 4.212 mi, slightly more than half the size of Earth. Mars and Earth have approximately the same landmass. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. And when we say largest, you need to note that they are a lot larger than their largest counterparts on the Earth. Named after the Roman god of war, Mars is also often described as the “Red Planet” due to its reddish appearance. Mars is also referred to as the âRed Planetâ because it has high content of iron oxide which makes it appear reddish. 1. To the ancient romans the planet Mars was symbolic of blood and war but too many people today this planet is future for humanity.Maybe it is next milestone for humanity not only live on mars but also explore the technological advancement to explore the universe. We know that the size of Mars is nearly half the size of the earth. And it is the fourth planet from the sun (Order of the planets from the Sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto (the dwarf planet)). Interesting Mars Fact List: Mars is home to Olympus Mons, which is the largest volcano in our solar system, standing 21km high and 600km wide across the base. We’ve visited the Moon, and the next destination is the red planet. There is lot to know about The Red Planet but in … 1960 â the first spacecraft on mission to Mars was launched. Join us on a journey to the fourth planet from the Sun with amazing facts, incredible images and vital information about Mars. Martian surface gravity is only 37% of the Earth’s (meaning you could leap nearly three times higher on Mars). If a body weighs on the earth is 100 kg, then its weigh on Mars will be only 38 kg. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. There are a number of advantages of using Mars Rover. On Earth, it would span the entire North American continent and beyond. In 2004, NASAâs rovers found the evidence of water on the planet. The planet is 227,939,200 km away from the Sun, and one year on Mars is equal to 687 days. In The Early Space Age, We Thought Mars Was Like The Moon: Second Smallest Planet of the Solar System It is approximately 227,900,000 kilometres from the star. Mars is the second closest planet to Earth after Venus. Mars has around 1% of atmospheric pressure that normally found at sea level on Earth. The first photograph of Mars taken from its surface was taken by Viking 1 on July 20 1976. Because of the red color of the planet, Mars is also associated with aggression. They named each day of the week upon the seven known bodies in the sky: the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, Jupiter, and Saturn. Mars is famous for its very thin atmosphere with 95% carbon dioxide, 1.6% argon, 0.15% oxygen. Mars is a very cold planet. 7. Mars was visible in the night sky long before telescopes were invented. Did you know that a Martian day lasts only up to 40 minutes more than a normal Earth day. Indeed, even normal residue storms on Mars are extraordinary, going on for quite a long time at any given moment and covering mainland measured regions. 8. 8. Our Solar system is vast and consists of many planets, moons, comets, asteroids, minor planets; and dust and gas. The first interaction with Mars: Mariner 4, in 1965 was the first aircraft that flew by Mars. 25. There is a tilt of a few degrees between the orbits of the two neighboring planets. Due to its immense mass, Jupiter brings some change in Mars’ orbit. 10 Interesting Facts about Mars. These dust storms can be humongous and can cover the planet’s entire surface. Also read: facts about Jupiter. And the signs of water on the planet has supported the belief that human life can exist on this red planet. Hence, Tuesday is the day of Mars. It is 4,200 kilometres long and, in places, is 7 kilometres deep. 5. Explorations of the planet are ongoing to find out whether it can support human life as the Earth does. Due to less mass, Mars’s gravity is also less than the gravity of the earth. All these correspond to a gravity acceleration 3.72m/s 2 (9.81 ~ m/s 2 on Earth). Galileo Galilei was the first person observed the mars through a telescope back in the year 1609. Have you ever been to Mars and wondered why it is such a difficult question to answer? Presence of water on Mars could be a potential signal of survival of living things in the past or in the present on the planet. The polar region of Mars has a much lower temperature than Earth. Currently, two rovers from NASA named, Opportunity and Curiosity, are exploring the surface of Mars. The name of the month of March also derives from Mars. They are named: Phobos and Deimos. Wondering how fast winds in these storms move? Mars has low atmospheric pressure on its surface which is the reason why liquid water cannot exist on its surface for long. They were discovered in 1877 by astronomer Asaph Hall, who named them for the Latin terms âfearâ and âpanicâ. 18. Amazing Facts about Mars 1. 17. MARS,what would happen when we heard this word:of course the thought of red and glorious planet in our solar system come to our mind. When this happens, the communication between spacecraft on Mars, and the Earth drastically reduces. 11. âOppositionâ is a situation when a planet and the Sun are on directly opposite sides of earth. Mars’s mass is 6.42 x 10 23 kilograms, about 10 times less than Earth. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere composed primarily of carbon dioxide. On the other hand, Venus has the most circular orbit of any planet in the solar system. 28. Mars gets its name from the Roman god of war of the same name. Mars has a system of air, water, ice, and geology; in other terms, it has an atmosphere, a hydrosphere, a cryosphere and a lithosphere. Who knows, perhaps the first human Martians will be born there in this century? It measures some 600 kilometres across and rises nearly 27 kilometres above the surrounding terrain. Mars has a radius of 3.389 km or 2.105 mi being twice as small as Earth. When it arrives on Planet Mars, it has the ability to propel itself. Save 52% when you subscribe to BBC Science Focus Magazine. Mars is cold, dusty, and possesses a thin atmosphere. Density: If we compare the density of Mars with that of the Earthâs, we would find that it is 100 times less dense than Earth. Facts about Mars for Kids: There have been 40 missions to Mars, but only 18 of the missions were successful. (Launch dates: August 20, 1975 (Viking 1); September 9, 1975 (Viking 2)). Mars has a radius of 3390 km, it has a mass of 6.42×10 24 kg (10.7% of Earth’s mass), and a mean density of 3.94 g/cm3. Mars Possesses Varied Names As Accorded To It By Different Cultures. Mars’ magnetic field turned off four billion years ago. Did you know that the ancient Babylonians first created the week and divided it into seven days? Did you know that Mars is home to the largest volcano and the largest canyon in the Solar System? It has the essential systems that characterize our Earth. Due to the presence of red dust on the planet, which is mainly its iron content; mars sometime sees dust storms when the wind blows. Did you know that the giant Jupiter has the ability to influence the orbit of Mars? Facts About Mars 1. By knowledgemasti in Our Planet, Science & Technology on June 4, 2020. Since this means that a 100-pound person on Earth would weigh only 38 pounds on Mars and will jump 3 … Olympus Mons is part of a complex of volcanoes that lie along a volcanic plateau called the Tharsis Bulge.