Don’t miss a chance to chat with experts. 2014;39(5):1. Marketing and Advertising Submitted by: Retrieved from https://phdessay.com/ethical-issue-pharmacy/, We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Author(s): King LD, Brashares Jennifer Issue: Mar/Apr 2003 - Terrorism View All Articles in Issue. Moral absolutism is the ethical view that certain actions are absolutely right or wrong, regardless of other contexts such as their consequences or the intentions behind them which is also supported by Immanuel Kant’s deontology. Strayer University That's where ethics kicks in. Module 3: Regulatory and Ethical Issues in Veterinary Pharmacy. Chaguanas Drug Mart was established in 2008 and is no ordinary pharmacy … 4 In community pharmacy, prescriptions, medical devices and other over the counter products are dispended by community pharmacists. Dilemma 2- Employee monitoring in the work environment Employee monitoring has emerged as a necessity and is the act of watching and monitoring employees’ actions during working hours using employer equipment/property (Raposa & Mujtaba, 2003). In fact 91 percent of respondents stated they believe "workers are more likely to behave ethically at work when they have a work-life balance. " PhDessay is an educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected. Although this may not completely solve the current issue, it will certainly limit the level of diversion. This essay will argue that there is no place for the supply of complementary medicines in pharmacy. The ethical dilemma is resolved however by placing inventory checks on all prescription drugs within the business which will manage the supply and movement of stock/Inventory. Ethics, a document which represents the collective views of members of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society and which has been approved at a general meeting of members. It was not until the early 1960s when the public began to take notice of the ethical neglect that researchers had for their subjects. Ethical Issues in Pharmacy Research Reflection There is abundant evidence showing how easy it is to exploit individuals in the history of medical research in the twentieth century. From personal privacy online, to the appropriate uses of new technology, to copyright and intellectual property on the Internet, the legal and ethical issues in … Within the company, employees have disregarded the term staff discount by practicing in unethical behaviour which encompasses stealing the drugstore supplies as well as time theft. 03/16/2014 RUNNING HEAD: LEGAL AND ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN MARKETING, PRODUCT SAFETY AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY Personal information stored in data banks may be used for criminal purposes. In many cases, employees, provided with a wealth of opportunities to steal, consider company property as their own. Alabama, for example, doesn't have a collaborative law that allows pharmacists to work with physicians to create a medication therapy management plan, which is paid for by insurance providers or Medicare. Professor: Although time theft can be a more subtle form of unethical behaviour, according to, Assisted Reproductive Technology-Bioethics. Specific provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, or HIPAA, define exactly what information can be released and to whom. custom paper from our expert writers, Ethical Issue in Pharmacy. Ethical Issues in Pharmacy Research Reflection There is abundant evidence showing how easy it is to exploit individuals in the history of medical research in the twentieth century. The anonymity of some communication systems may lead to unethical behavior. Dr. Teresa Smallwood Ethical Challenges Pharmacists Face When Managing Noncompliant Patients. LEG 500: Law, Ethics & Corp. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Your Deadline is Too Short? 1. The laws that pharmacists must follow as a condition of maintaining their license to practice pharmacy in good standing are pretty clear and are enforced by such regulatory agencies as State Boards of Pharmacy, the Drug Enforcement Administration, and the FDA, … However, whether it is obtained initially for a legitimate medical purpose, there are ethical implications. Pharmacy educators and administrators may struggle with the myriad of ethical and legal issues pertaining to social media communications and relationships with and among students. Ethicaldilemmas;pharmacy;level ofethical reasoning. The responsibility for attending pharmacist has fallen to you this month in the ICU. The one I like to use is from Merriam-Webster's online dictionary: "Rules of behavior … Articles have been written regarding the use or more often the misuse of the internet especially the social network (Chadwick & Besley, 45). Author, columnist, nurse and attorney Nancy J. Brent, writing for the HIMSS website in 2013, published a list of important legal issues for health informatics professionals to keep in mind. The pharmacy director has always been supportive of the decisions made by the attending pharmacists in conjunction with the ethics team in the ICU. Thank you! [Date] Dilemma 1- Pharmacy technicians’ and floor employees access to controlled substances The drugs prescribed by a qualified medical professional are known as prescription drugs. Assignment 3 Therefore an ethical analysis is only worthwhile if it ultimately leads to action and is simply a basis for making individual decisions, where the bottom line is “to each his own. Marketing and advertising Dilemma 2- Employee monitoring in the work environment Employee monitoring has emerged as a necessity and is the act of watching and monitoring employees’ actions during working hours using employer equipment/property (Raposa & Mujtaba, 2003). Marketing is composed of the performance of business activities, which direct the flow of goods and services from the manufacturers to the consumer. The issuing of prescription drugs without the doctor’s permission is a good that has outweighed the risks since most patients cannot afford another visit or are still experiencing pain after the prescription has “run out”. Ethical issues in the retail pharmaceutical industry: An analysis of the ethical dilemmas faced within Chaguanas Drug Mart Limited Abstract: The ethical duty of a pharmacy is to promote a patient’s best interest. The Council of the Society, through its Law and Ethics Committee and its Investigation Committee, interprets the Code and gives guidance on any matter concerning professional conduct. LEG 500 Governance Legal & Ethical Issues that Health Care Professionals Face. education in 1980 as the “clinical pharmacy” transition was beginning and making the case that new roles for pharmacists would pose new ethical challenges and that pharmacy education should address these needs proactively [4]. Jeremy Bentham (1789), John Stuart Mill (1861), and Henry Sidgwick (1907) indicate Act Consequentialism is the claim that an act is morally right if and only if that act maximizes the good, that is, if and only if the total amount of good for all minus the total amount of bad for all is greater than this net amount for any incompatible act available to the agent on that occasion. Moral Absolutism versus utilitarianism is two extreme ethical approaches to reality. This paper is concern with legal and ethical issues in advertising, Legal and Ethical Considerations in Marketing, Product Safety, and Intellectual Property This ethical theory is applied to the issue of filling prescriptions for narcotic analgesics or pain relievers; benzodiazepines or therapeutic tranquilizers; stimulants; and barbiturates or sedatives by the technicians within Chaguanas Drug Mart as unlawful. Explore copyright laws and intellectual property rights and assess how well they balance, Assignment 3: Legal and Ethical Considerations in Marketing, Product Safety, and Intellectual Property Utilitarianism can be applied since it is the idea that the moral worth of an action is determined solely by its outcome. Prepared for: Dr. Ellen Kapalko While they are both valid and supported by facts, they are very contrasting in their views with regards to employee monitoring in the work environment. According to Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) deontological or duty-based ethics had an interesting theory that places special emphasis on the relationship between duty and the morality of human actions. Many more people are injured non-fatally by errors and the cost of payouts for clinical negligence claims in England in 2017/2018 was £2.23 billion.Reducing the human and financial cost of medical errors is an ethical priority. Research three to five (3-5) ethical issues relating to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of product safety. We will also review barriers to the growth and expansion of telemedicine: known, potential, and future. Remember. Many companies, because of lack of controls and a casual attitude toward employee theft, provide an inviting opportunity for an employee who has a tendency to steal. Pharmacist believe they are serving man kind by issuing life-saving drugs and ensuring that people who need their products have access to them and consequentialism supports this belief. For pharmacists, considered drug therapy experts within the community, their supply from a pharmacy presents a serious ethical dilemma because it is would be unwise to recommend an unproven treatment. Many customers are relatives or friends of the workers and are aware that the drugs are the only source to relief but do not go to the doctor for the necessary documents since there is easy access to the items such as antibiotics. Dr. William Stone The ethical duty of a pharmacy is to promote a patient’s best interest. Those who work in the medical field know that protecting patient safety is the ultimate ethical principle; therefore the argument is twofold where technicians face many ethical dilemmas because the total amount of good minuses the total the amount of bad however Kantian argues that the wrong thing regardless of how justifiable is till the wrong thing. The ethical duty of a pharmacy is to promote a patient’s best interest. When looking at PharmaCARE’s relationship with the Colberians, you see that the company’s treatment of the indigenous population is unethical. Title: Microsoft PowerPoint - Ethical Issues in Pharmacy Practice.pptx Author: rherman Created Date: The following paper focuses on [1]ethical dilemmas which are also called an ethical paradox within a pharmaceutical business by focusing on the relationship between law and ethics and applying the key ethical theories which derive from normative ethical systems which are broken down into four categories which are deontological, teleological, utilitarianism and relativism. Since 1987, the legal office has gone from 5 attorneys to 11. Pharmacy practice has expanded to multiple arenas, however I organized the cases according to some of the more common spheres of pharmacy practice. It is stated that prescription drug diversion involves the unlawful channelling of regulated pharmaceuticals from legal sources to the illicit marketplace, which according to the Kantian rule under categorical imperative human beings occupy a special place in creation, and morality can be summed up in one ultimate commandment of reason, or imperative, from which all duties and obligations derive such as a prescription drug may only be sold by a pharmacist when authorised by a written prescription from a medical practitioner. The store stocks a range of alternative products, including pet care items, comfort food, household appliances, paper products, diabetic foods and a cosmetic counter. However, certain obvious ethical issues will arise. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. Every pharmacist should be aware of the legal and ethical principles which govern the practice of their profession. Research three to five (3-5) ethical issues relating to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of product safety and examine whether PharmaCARE violated any of the issues in question. The store stocks a range of alternative products, including pet care items, comfort food, Many customers are relatives or friends of the workers and are aware that the drugs are the only source to relief but do not go to the doctor for the necessary documents since there is easy access to the items such as antibiotics. Most employee theft is as a result of an employee being dissatisfied with the job or circumstances within the job and this ethical dilemma could be resolved by speaking with the employees to gain awareness of job satisfaction and how to make the job more rewarding. In the labatory, pharmacy, crime scene and grocery store, applications involving DNA technology were present. Conversations between a physician and a patient are strictly confidential, as is information about an individual’s medical condition. Finding talented technicians. Ethical Issues in Pharmacy Practice Michael Manolakis, PharmD, PhD 2015 CPFI ANNUAL MEETING FLAT ROCK, NC ... Legal Mandates Ethical Mandates Faith Mandates. However, certain obvious ethical issues will arise. Although this may not completely solve the current issue, it will certainly limit the level of diversion. US Pharm. Let Professional Writer Help You, 6000 Fairview Road, SouthPark Towers, Suite 1200, Charlotte, NC 28210, USA. However, the ethical principles are similar and can be separated into five main categories: the responsibility for the consumer, the community, the profession, the business and the wider healthcare team.The ethical responsibilities of a pharmacist tha… It is located on 10 Chaguanas Main Road which is a central location that conveniently attracts customers. Every marketing manager will, LEGAL AND ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 4 INTRODUCTION. Consequentialists are the view that normative properties depend only on consequences. Most employees consider themselves a paragon of virtues - loyal, hard working and honest, however even minor pilfering from the office amounts to stealing and has become the norm, not the exception at Chaguanas Drug Mart. This is just a sample. The protection of private patient information is one of the most important ethical and legal issues in the field of healthcare. Kant's argument that to act in the morally right way, one must act from duty begins with an argument that the highest good must be intrinsically good. Over the past months, occurrences of pharmacists refusing, Assignment 3: Legal and Ethical Considerations in Marketing, Product Safety, and Intellectual Property Social, Ethical & Legal Issues regarding Social Media and Pharmacy Education For the longest time the use of the internet has elicited a wide array of scrutiny from all the areas of the society. The following paper focuses on the application of ethical theories that supports as well as argues the behavior within Chaguanas Drug Mart. While federal and state laws are in place to help guide pharmacists to do the right thing, interpreting how to apply those laws in a practice setting can be challenging. There is no shortage of ethical dilemmas facing pharmacists daily. However, certain obvious ethical issues will arise. Analyze and evaluate laws and regulations relative to product safety and liability. Adverse effects of medications can irrefutably steer a patient away from taking their medication. Further, I will argue that the reasons offered for refusals regarding emergency contraception by pharmacists are not reasonable, even given their moral reservations, providers have a professional ethical obligation to dispense emergency conception. Dr Leemon McHenry examines ethical issues in pharmacology. involving a conflict between an ethical value and a legal or procedur al issue and often arose in the r outine minutiae of dispensing prescriptions and selling medicines. Labatory Scene [Course Name] Ethical issues in the retail pharmaceutical industry: An analysis of the ethical dilemmas faced within Chaguanas Drug Mart Limited Moreover, the article describes pharmacists as being uniquely qualified to play essential roles in areas such as pharmacy informatics, medication safety, drug information, logistical issues in genetic testing, and ethical issues. Sam Cook Along with heart disease and cancer, it is a leading cause of death. Ethical principles and decision-making frameworks are best understood when applied to cases of ethical dilemmas. You can get your In this paper, using technology and information resources for research, I will analyze and assess legal and ethical restraints on marketing and advertising, relative to both consumers and organizations. This can threaten the patient’s beliefs about the effectiveness of their medication; consequently, having a negative influence on the patient’s autonomous decision and adherence to their medication. The Law and Ethics Sometimes pharmacists run into ethical dilemmas due to red tape from the law. LEGAL AND ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN MARKETING, PRODUCT SAFETY AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY Within any business involved in bulk purchasing the issue of unconscious theft will also occur. The ethical dilemma is resolved however by placing inventory checks on all prescription drugs within the business which will manage the supply and movement of stock/Inventory. The code also establishes standards for ethical coding and standards for clinical documentation improvement. August 28, 2013 As a certified Pharmacy Technician, you are always expected to adhere to a rigorous code of ethics. 1 It is not uncommon for attorneys employed at a university to become specialized in unique areas of law in order to address critical issues that regularly appear in higher education. Ethical Issues in Pharmacy Research Reflection Within any business involved in bulk purchasing the issue of unconscious theft will also occur. Since the interrelationship of physicians and pharmacists has become greater, it has become important for each to understand the other and to complement each other if there is to be efficient and effective patient-care. Mill's (1806-1873) rule utilitarianism is much more relative in that he encourages people to do acts that are pleasurable to themselves as long as they are what he calls a "higher pleasure". Ethics involves identifying, differentiating, and defending concepts of right and wrong. [Instructor’s Name] This article seeks to clarify some of these issues with a review of the legal facets and pertinent court cases related to social media. The layout of Ethical Responsibility could serve as a model syllabus for a course in pharmacy ethics.” —American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education Introduction to the First Edition: While the teaching of professional ethics is undoubtedly labor-intensive, it can also be deeply satisfying. Within the company, employees have disregarded the term staff discount by practicing in unethical behaviour which encompasses stealing the drugstore supplies as well as time theft. The code of conduct to guide decision-making for pharmacist and maintain ethical integrity varies according to the country and professional body that creates the guidelines. The rapid rise of technology has raised a host of legal and ethical issues that are unique to the 21st century. Medicines Information, as a specialised function, is a relatively recent development and there is no UK case law relating to the provision of medicines information by hospital pharmacists. Health care professionals practice in an environment that is complex, with many regulations, laws and standards of practice. (2017, May 03). He argues that pharmaceutical companies have an obligation to report all of the data in a truthful way so that patients can make properly informed decisions (McHenry, 2006). 08 Sep 2013 on. Legal and ethical considerations Although (Murphy, 1993) indicated that The propensity for employees to steal seems to be related to the individual's need, opportunity, skills, and attitude toward committing an illegal act, a study performed by Deloitte & Touche USA Ethics & Workplace (2007) showed there is a strong relationship between ethics and work-life balance. The following sections are designed to educate the reader regarding ethics, regulatory, medical legal aspects, practical administrative aspects, legislative, licensure, and reimbursement issues. Reasons for consumer demand for complementary medicine will be reviewed and the. Research on employee deviant behaviour has shown that workers model their behaviours on those of their co-workers or work group members (Robinson & O'Leary-Kelly 1998), and the ethical concepts applied the importance of employer to employee communication to instil what is wrong even though it may appear to be morally right as in the case of issuing prescription drugs without a prescription which is justifiable as doing the right thing. A pharmacist acts with honesty and integrity in professional relationships. Ethical issues in pharmacology-By Timothy Lyons. Research three to five (3-5) ethical issues relating to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of product safety. Get Your Custom Essay A pharmacist has a duty … The ethical issues are based on the social code and daily morality. There is abundant evidence showing how easy it is to exploit individuals in the history of medical research in the twentieth century. The following paper focuses on the application of ethical theories that supports as well as argues the behavior within Chaguanas Drug Mart. Knowledge of the PTCB code of ethics and an understanding of what is expected of you while working as a Pharmacy Technician in a hospital or community pharmacy in your state will allow you to avoid any ethical … In the labatory scene, a sign on the wall for DNA, evidence for the support of specific complementary medicines. No one knows exactly how many people are killed each year by medical errors, but it is in the hundreds of thousands in the United States and tens of thousands in the United Kingdom. During their careers, most pharmacists have to deal with a number of state and federal regulatory issues. However, certain obvious ethical issues will arise. The exposure of gross abuses in medical research generated a public furor that was finally noticed by those who administered research funding which enabled changes to policy to begin to, Assignment 3: Legal and Ethical Considerations in Marketing, Product Safety, and Intellectual Property It was not until the early 1960s when the public began to take notice of the ethical neglect that researchers had for their subjects. LEG 500- Law, Ethics, and Corporate Governance However, moral absolutism can be debated with relativism which is subjective and includes concepts such as utilitarianism and idealism. Although time theft can be a more subtle form of unethical behaviour, according to Aristotle’s perspective in applying moral absolutism to this dilemma, it is seen that any way you look at it, taking something that doesn’t belong to you is stealing. Every aspect of the marketing and advertising mix is subject to laws and restrictions. The moral development of individuals (Greenberg, 2002) concerning ethical maturity to choose right from wrong in ethical dilemmas was found to be inversely related to theft. The following paper focuses on the application of ethical theories that supports as well as argues the behavior within Chaguanas Drug Mart. The ethical duty of a pharmacy is to promote a patient’s best interest. Since the discussion is based on customer loyalty, to object the dispersal of emergency contraception. Performing an abortion is legal but may not be considered ethical by other health care professionals or … Within Chaguanas Drug Mart, taking prescription drugs without the necessary doctor’s prescription has become a justifiable norm. Chaguanas Drug Mart was established in 2008 and is no ordinary pharmacy since it provides more than your medical needs such as beautiful unusual gifts. Since employee theft is a critical problem in many organizations (Murphy, 1993), any additional understanding of its causes and correlates assists in taking action to decrease theft rates. [Student Name] What you can do about it: As any pharmacist knows, finding a good … As genetic engineering continues to rapidly grow, many ethical, social and legal issues arise evaluating the risks and benefits of the number of applications for DNA technologies. LEG 500 The explosion of prescribing and consuming legal narcotics and controlled drugs is known as drug diversion which has become an ethical dilemma within the pharmaceutical industry. In terms of intellectual property, the scenario, Assignment 4: Legal and Ethical Considerations in Marketing, Product Safety, and Intellectual Property The legal issues of this situation may be … Chaguanas Drug Mart was established in 2008 and is no ordinary pharmacy since it provides more than your medical needs such as beautiful unusual gifts. Those who work in the medical field know that protecting patient safety is the ultimate ethical principle; therefore the argument is twofold where technicians face many ethical dilemmas because the total amount of good minuses the total the amount of bad however Kantian argues that the wrong thing regardless of how justifiable is till the wrong thing. Quincy McAdoo Within any business involved in bulk purchasing the issue of unconscious theft will also occur. Bothe the advertising and marketing industries operate within federal, modifications of plants, animals and other organisms have allowed scientists to improve the quality of human life. “Ethics is about uniting who we are with what we do.” Certain ethical dilemmas embedded in health-system pharmacists’ everyday practice include competing interests, limited resources, and an evolving care delivery system in which their role has shifted from dispensing medications to actively participating in direct patient care. It was not until the early 1960s when the public began to take notice of the ethical … Business information technology poses both security risks and ethical conundrums. Abstract: Abstract: Intranet pharmacies offer customers many benefits, and many medical providers are using pharmacy websites to promote greater efficiency in their practices, minimize potential prescription errors and respond to revenue opportunities. Legal Matters to Think About. Failure to do so can result is suspension or even revocation of your Pharmacy Technician licensure by your State Board of Pharmacy. Chaguanas Drug Mart believes its greatest asset is loyal, hard-working people who cooperate in a spirit of teamwork to help the company grow and prosper. https://phdessay.com/ethical-issue-pharmacy/. Even the term ethics can vary much in its definition. The refusal to sell emergency contraception by pharmacists ultimately infringes on women’s right to exercise autonomy over their reproductive future. Date of Submission: Don't use plagiarized sources. Abstract Scholars In the United States, regulations governing veterinary drugs have much in common with the regulations that govern human drugs. Legal & Ethical Issues for Pharmacy Websites.

legal and ethical issues in pharmacy

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