All solutions must be risk assessed to ensure that they can be implemented and operated without introducing unacceptable risk. The difference between accidental and essential complexity. An overview of technological determinism. Information security shares characteristics with viral inoculation - it is only effective when almost everybody participates, a concept referred to as “herd immunity.” And just as it only takes a couple of un-inoculated individuals to put everybody else’s health at risk, it only takes a few people who lack security awareness to put everybody else’s data at risk. Architecture governance needs to both inform and guide solution decisions to implement this principle. Now let’s get to the interesting bit and dig into some real life examples of EA Principles. Where this is not possible all interfaces must be implemented through published APIs. Committing to a culture of complementary, not competitive or duplicative technologies fosters consistent customer experiences across the University. In the article Principles of Object Oriented Design, Robert C. Martin defines a responsibility as a ‘reason to change’, and concludes that a class or module should have one, and only one, reason to be changed. For example, technology can introduce children more directly to cultures and places outside their community. When strategic suppliers are not able to provide proposals the University will follow industry best practice and select a technology solutions based on fit to business requirements and total lifecycle costs. Leveraging the infrastructure capabilities will help to maximize return on the University’s investment. Design for Flexibility and Speed. Although not mandated policies, the following principles must be considered when making technology decisions for the University of Minnesota system, including these types of technologies: Enterprise architecture at the University of Minnesota is informed both by the University’s core mission and the specific business needs of its organizational units. What is Moore's Law? University and school strategy will drive IT strategies and initiatives. Establish an enterprise architecture governance process, and review effectiveness with stakeholders. The University should use strategic suppliers and leverage existing relationships. When strategic suppliers are not able to provide proposals the University will follow industry best practice and select technology solutions based on fit to business requirements and total lifecycle costs. Precautionary Principle. The university’s enterprise architecture will acknowledge and accommodate business requirements from across the organization--including all system campuses, colleges, and administrative units. The University should use existing resources and solutions to support business requirements where they meet all mandatory requirements and are within the purchase lifecycle. When possible, the University should reuse existing resources to support business requirements. The architecture must not create interdependencies between layers (no tight coupling) the lack of interdependencies will allow layers of the architecture to be replaced independently of the other services. Conflicting laws and regulations, particularly across national boundaries, may in some circumstances make full legal and/or regulatory compliance impossible. Principles of Information Technology affords an opportunity to build and refine knowledge and skills in the IT world. Using industry standards provides a large pool of IT professionals qualified to support the solutions. Enterprise Architecture governance shall be established and maintained. The best way to make sure you’re not missing anything is to look at a good example. Identify dependencies between systems and infrastructure and ensure they can support the desired service levels. Provide enterprise wide middleware layer(s) to insulate major components from the impacts of change. prioritise according to business needs. Using the existing product allows the University to focus effort on the mission rather than developing a custom solution. Security standards are specifications for how a particular technology is to be configured and deployed. Applications and solutions should avoid dependency on components from a single vendor when possible. Existing system capacity must scale to meet business requirements. The Technical Architecture Community should participate in all product selection processes to ensure architectural principles are being adhered to. These principles seek to maximize the performance and consistency of provided services in all circumstances, while allowing for innovation. Should become part of scope of the security domain group. In-house development should be reserved for emerging technology. 10+ Technology Principles. Plans for technology change should strive to minimize downtimes, and the IT architecture should support this. NOTES: scalability, transition to new or different systems. Report violations, Robotics vs Artificial Intelligence: The Difference Explained. The first example will demonstrate philosophy of technology as the systematic clarification of the nature of technology. For example password policies encourage longer, more complex passwords up to a point, after which passwords become unmanageable and people take the unsafe step of writing them down. Principle: Maximize Benefit to the Enterprise, Principle: Common Vocabulary and Data Definition, If you have a technology question, contact, Office of Information Technology Organization. Define and publish business continuity requirements. Solutions must be able to scale over time and increases in demand during their lifetimes, based on current understanding of business strategy and project requirements, in order to maximize return on investment. Changing legal, regulatory, and safety requirements may create unanticipated costs which shall require budget decisions. In some cases, principles (or at least the implications of separate principles) can be in direct conflict. Ensure that business and IT are aware of this requirement. Ensure that the architecture and solutions does not introduce tight coupling between components. Create guidelines for making business decisions. Review annual business and technology plans for all university units. Need to define levels of resilience, availability, performance, usability, manageability, etc. The effectiveness of the information security program must be tracked and changes made to increase effectiveness. Although children may have access to print resources from libraries, technology can increase the amount of reference information immediately available to them on a given topic and give them the ability to ask questions of people outside of their classroom. Also, choosing the right topic is important. The definition of infinity with examples. Precrime. The architecture group shall maintain awareness of new laws and regulations that impact the design of IT systems. Rationale Standards help ensure coherence, thus improving the ability to manage systems, raise user satisfaction, and protect current IT investments, thus maximizing return on … The enterprise architecture roadmap must articulate current, short-term, and long-term tactics, as well as look to future influences and opportunities in technology and business. Unrealistic business expectations can lead to excessive costs. Writing an amazing essay on technology does not have to be difficult. Not conforming to legal and regulatory requirements may result in legal action being taken against the University, which will both damage the institution's reputation and potentially result in compensation payments. All proposals, where possible, will be provided in terms of both a service charge (e.g. Learn more about the history, development, and principles of radio technology … For example, the organization may have a "low cost" principle but also a "high availability" principle — clearly, one of these design goals must outweigh the other in a specific case. The University prefers to buy services rather than develop solutions ourselves when the technology is well defined and/or mature. The enterprise architecture needs to develop integration architecture. Examples of principles are, entropy in a number of fields, least action in physics, those in descriptive comprehensive and fundamental law: doctrines or assumptions forming normative rules of conduct, separation of church and state in statecraft, the central dogma of molecular biology, fairness in ethics, etc. Reproduction of materials found on this site, in any form, without explicit permission is prohibited. A guiding principle when developing is Separation of Concerns. The proposed architecture and constituent technologies must support open, industry standards and Application Programming Interfaces (APIs), and avoid proprietary interfaces. ... Strategy: Leverage Powerful Technology. Ability to scale the model for simple integrations. Primacy of Principles. It’s easier said than done. Existing systems may not be able to scale appropriately without major investments. Technology is one of the key enablers that help us practice the core principles of Societal Platform Thinking. Dyson Sphere. The enterprise architecture team needs a good understanding of current enterprise applications’ technology roadmap to determine alignment to University’s future needs.. To support this strategy the enterprise architecture team needs to develop an integration architecture to facilitate. An overview of technological determinism. Establish architecture roadmap(s) that have current, short, and long-term views. The global nature of the organization may result in conflicts for compliance. Establish and facilitate a University-wide enterprise architecture community including business and technology stakeholders. This principle is established to ensure maximum alignment with the University’s teaching, learning, research, and outreach missions; as well as other strategic objectives of the University. In programming, the Single Responsibility Principlestates that every module or class should have responsibility over a single part of the functionality provided by the software. Administrative and organizational divisions of UW Information Technology. EA needs to provide a means to catalog and discover capabilities of the University’s existing enterprise applications. Business often views infrastructure as “free” and so often weights functionality much higher than infrastructure and support costs in choosing solutions. Review business architecture to ensure that is compliant. Health and safety guidelines shall be followed in order to comply with law, regulation, and safety requirements and to reduce risk to University personnel and the enterprise. Culture Lag. If you enjoyed this page, please consider bookmarking Simplicable. The ethics for humane technology framework provides lenses to understand human rights in the digital age, to understand the technological phenomena that threaten these rights and principles to build technology so as to create a beneficial future for humanity. Common examples of artificial intelligence. Architecture governance needs to be involved in the decision making process because “mandatory requirements” is open to interpretation. We need to implement ITIL capacity management process. Cookies help us deliver our site. Meaningful business intelligence and analysis of University data relies on the establishment and adherence to a model where data stored in systems and exchanged between components in systems is mapped to an enterprise-wide master data schema. Ensure that all solutions are reviewed to ensure compliance with standards. Includes system campuses and all other organizational units. Architecture standards shall be defined and published. All technologies specified must be risk assessed to ensure that they can be implemented and operated without introducing unacceptable risk. We should implement and manage IT solutions as services. Capacity for service specification is limited. Business owners must define expected levels of service for their applications and services from which the overall solution design can be created. Use these to guide decisions. Infrastructure must support business continuity requirements. Enterprise architecture needs to create a set of patterns covering approved integration standards. Example. A list of “approved” and/or “recommended” security-assessed technologies shall be maintained. Digital Divide. At the same time, it contributes to ease of integration and increases the quality and effectiveness of solutions overall. Avoid “one-off” solutions which impose unnecessary new infrastructure expenditures. Strategic suppliers will provide the single interface into the University for the provision and ongoing support for new services. All relevant requirements shall be analyzed to determine their impact on architecture standards. Modern organizations have a constant need to adapt within an ever … Mining can be a very polluting industry and the development of new sites certainly has an … Ensure all solutions are reviewed to ensure they meet scalability and performance requirements. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, redistributed or translated. “Strategies” are how we accomplish the goals. This text is laid out in a logical, conceptual progression. Green technology, also known as sustainable technology, takes into account the long- and short-term impact something has on the environment. The University shall conform to all legal and regulatory requirements or be in violation of the law and subject to legal action, damage to institutional reputation, and punitive fines. Existing information security efforts shall be reviewed for effectiveness and changes made where necessary to increase effectiveness. Compliance of existing systems and services. Determining ownership and responsibility for the data model. The University has invested in its enterprise infrastructure (including network, platform, collaboration, integration), and capabilities to support that infrastructure. The enterprise architecture team needs a good understanding of the capabilities of existing enterprise applications’ functionality and the capabilities of additional modules. The second example shows philosophy of technology as systematic reflection on the consequences of technology for human life, and is concerned with biotechnology. We need to use technical solution to provide flexibility. Prioritizing diverse and competing business needs. May be obligated to use third party systems whose compliance with University architectural standards cannot be assured. A list of common building materials with their uses and properties. Avoiding tight coupling decreases complexity and improves agility, as well as minimizing cost and risk. Senior management needs to make clear that security is everybody’s business and individuals are responsible to maintain awareness. This approach will help to ensure cost and resource efficiency, promote reuse of technology, and simplify integration processes. Review the infrastructure architecture to ensure that it has considered requirements across the University. The information and concepts underlying information security can be technical, picayune, and non-intuitive. Review IT architecture to ensure it supports business requirements. For instance, consider an application that includes logic for identifying noteworthy items to display to the user, and which formats such items in a particular way to make them more noticeable. You may have heard the quote: “Do one thing and do it well”. Capacity, both in terms of specifying provision and change management. However, it’s not impossible – far from it, in fact. For example, were a technology developed that broke password security, other means of securely authenticating individuals would have to be rapidly adopted. Adherence to regulations helps protect the University’s reputation and minimizes legal liability. Adobe Spark Video: One of the most exciting ways for students to engage in content is to practice … The Domain Architects will need to work more closely with strategic suppliers to ensure service requirements are understood and met. A list of theories and techniques for building a brand. Purchasing existing software products where available allows custom development to focus on emerging technology and innovation. Culture, within some specific areas of the organization. The core principles of Societal Platform Thinking are intuitive in thought but hard to master in practice. Solutions should be engineered appropriate to the business requirements to minimize cost and maximize value. A reasonably comprehensive list of information technologies. Business continuity requirements need to be defined and agreed upon with the business and then published. “Guiding principles” are how we want to operate. Groups that are responsible for component parts of the end-to-end architecture must work together to ensure that solutions align to an overarching, strategic enterprise architecture. As information security related laws, regulations, and technologies change the messaging will need to change, sometimes significantly. What is Technological Determinism? The statement should reflect the interests of your various stakeholders and paint the picture of how your library will function with the mission-driven use of technology . This will reduce the cost of development, integration, and maintenance. Cost / benefit analyses must always be included in all continuity requirements discussions. Technology Principles – provide guidance on the use and deployment of all IT technologies. However, these have some characteristics in common that cross all societies and all individuals. Green products are by definition, environmentally friendly. This standard approach will assist in the identification of systems of record, and the establishment of common naming standards and data attributes to facilitate productive analysis and reporting. Therefore much of the messaging will need to be customized. The security standards implemented must align with the University Security Framework. Principles Of Information Technology – SlideShare PRINCIPLES OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY … short distance A room, a floor, a building Limited by no. A definition of proprietary technology with examples. Using open protocols and interfaces increases options for integration with other components, systems, or platforms. Technology is critical to the business and mission of the University, so critical business solutions should provide service consistency and recoverability in the face of unexpected events. cost per user), and a standard capital and operating cost. Moore's Law. Ethical lenses and principles for Humane Technology. The catalog will provide a user-centric presentation of services, solutions and technologies for a variety of interested audiences, and with a focus on strategic re-use, Need to establish standardized, documented business processes across the organization, Pursue “modularized” solutions with standard interfaces and integration points, Need careful change management and thoughtful communications, Integrating third party processes, such as stakeholders and other partners, with University processes, Can be challenging to achieve widespread re-use and still accommodate specific requirements in distributed units, Limited resources for consultative services around central solutions, Work with IT teams across the University to identify technology services and solutions that could be considered “central,” or usable by anyone, Understand the various user “personas” that would be looking for information about technologies available for use at the University, Identify and publish a portfolio of all “central” services available for use across the University. Sensitive Technology Principles for making technology human Grab a Copy Four and a half million homes are opened to strangers in 81,000 cities through Airbnb. Inhouse development may be necessary to build competitive edge. A company called Continental Air Co. manufactures air conditioning equipment for industrial facilities. An overview of the theory of accelerating change. These principles of information management apply to all organizations within … ... Other Principles Of Student Engagement In A Virtual Classroom. Use mathematical notations (translated via compilers) Example: grossPay = a= a + b 109. Review all solutions to ensure that they make best use of capabilities provided by the enterprise infrastructure. Different rules apply to different audiences, for example HIPAA rules are extensive but focused on personnel working with or for companies that handle medical information. It can be difficult to know where to start when planning … 20.4 Developing Architecture Principles Architecture Principles are typically developed by the Enterprise Architects, in conjunction with the key stakeholders, and are approved by the Architecture Board. That makes information security everybody’s business. The Domain Architects will need to work closely with strategic suppliers to ensure service requirements are understood and met. Selfbuild needs to be considered in the following circumstances: In a new market where commercial products do not currently exist. Each culture constructs its own moral principles and each person elaborates its moral system. For example, were a technology developed that broke password security, other means of securely authenticating individuals would have to be rapidly adopted.