The Mariana Trench . The islands are in turn named after Mariana of Austria (1634-1696), the second wife of King Philip of Spain. The Mariana Trench gets its name from the nearby archipelago known as the Mariana Islands. Temperatures hover right around freezing. Because Guam is a U.S. territory and the 15 Northern Mariana Islands are a U.S. Commonwealth, the United States has jurisdiction over the Mariana Trench. Recent studies indicate that by trapping particles from the water, xenophyophores can concentrate high levels of lead, uranium and mercury and are thus likely highly resistant to large doses of heavy metals. In 1875 Thomson and his team recorded a â¦ But there are shrimp-like amphipods the size of rabbits living there, and strange saucer-sized animals, called Xenophyophores. Stem: Stems are usually above the ground and carry food and water. Share . Humans have been to the deepest place in ocean before â many times actually. It seems impossible that any life â animal, plant, or even microbial â could live or flourish here, and yet the Mariana Trench is home to a large variety of rare and unusual wildlife. Toward the southern end of the Mariana Trench lies the Challenger Deep. Live: China's manned submersible's 10,000-meter dive in Mariana Trench. Stomata: A tiny pore in â¦ But we at CGTN will present you the world's first live-streamed diving into the Challenger Deep, as China's Fendouzhe (Striver) submersible reaching down to more than 10,000m deep in the ocean.. After its successful descending to 10,909 meters in the Mariana Trench on November 10, setting a new record for manned submersible deep-diving, China's Fendouzhe submersible plunges once again into the depths of the western Pacific Ocean. Large single-celled lifeforms, called xenophyophores, live in â¦ This small octopus has large ear-like fins and webbed tentacles and can be found at depths of 4,000 m (13,100 ft.) in the Mariana Trench. The deepest-dwelling octopus in the world is a type of Dumbo octopus. Root: Roots hold the plant in the ground and take up water and minerals Leaves: Leaves come out of the stem of the plant and green plants will make food in their leaves. The Fendouzhe project was launched back in 2016, with some of the best submersible engineers in China â¦ The researchers spotted the life forms at depths up to 6.6 miles within the Sirena Deep of the Mariana Trench National Wildlife Refuge. Mariana's given name was Maria Anna, but this was changed to the Spanish form when she became Queen. No other survey has found fish deeper than 8,145m and the Mariana Trench reaches down to almost 11km. Examples Of Animals That Live In The Mariana Trench Dumbo octopuses âDumboâ deep sea cirrate octopus, likely Opisthoteuthis californiana. Back in â¦ South of Japan, there is a crescent-shaped canyon called the Mariana Trench, and at its southern end the sea bed seemingly falls away. Until now, only two people have successfully made it to the bottom of Challenger Deep, the planet's deepest point at the southern end of the Mariana Trench. Copied.