Award-winning Betula 'Fascination' is  a very rewarding birch, which is noted for its attractive gleaming orange copper bark, which peels off to reveal another layer of pink and cream bark. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). Provides striking winter interest. For additional information regarding the bronze birch borer: http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/fidls/bbb/bbb.htm. It is now assigned to Betula populifolia and the plants are often sold under the name 'Whitespire Senior' to avoid confusion. River Birch Varieties . Cherry Birch (Betula lenta) Cherry birch is a large tree that grows from a single main trunk. The Mourning Cloak butterfly caterpillar feeds on River birch (don’t worry you won’t even notice). Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. The oval leaves emerge emerald green in spring, mature to an unusual sea green in summer, before turning a beautiful, pale yellow in fall. In spring, tiny yellowish-brown male flowers appear in drooping catkins. Leaves are glossy, dark green turning yellowish-green in fall. Orchard Tree .. Cottage Grove. A most welcomed sight during the dreary winter months! The white bark, develops fully when the tree is around 8 years old. Provide plenty of space to fully enjoy the beautiful trunk and the graceful and delicate branching. The bark on river birch is one of its most beautiful features. The Whitespire Birch’s bark resembles a Paper Birch, but is resistant to the Bronze Birch … It is the result of a cross between Betula populifolia 'Whitespire' (white bark) and Betula 'Crimson Frost' (purple foliage). In winter, it shows off its warm creamy-brown exfoliating bark. Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. Make sure to plant this tree where soil is likely to remain cool. The Heritage River Birch is often chosen for its attractive bark and ability to resist disease. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). Whitespire Birch has a nice narrow, pyramidal size and a chalky white bark that looks great all season long. Smooth reddish-brown bark accented by rows of white lenticels make this birch a handsome alternative to white-barked species. It is sure to draw the eye year-round. Cuts made in late winter and spring, as the leaves are developing, will cause excessive bleeding of sap and weaken the tree. River Birch Betula nigra. The bright green leaves rustle in the wind and turn the brightest yellow in the fall. River birch (Betula nigra): Sometimes called black birch, this species has a much darker trunk than the paper birch, but still has the characteristic flaky surface. Seeds are eaten by birds. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. Betula albosinensis var. Betula platyphylla, commonly called Japanese white birch, is a medium to large sized tree noted for its white bark, thin spreading branches and slightly pendant branchlets. Originally Mature Height: 30-40' Mature Width: 20-25' We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. For a gorgeous, easy care tree that really delivers on style, order Whitespire Birch today! jacquemontii 'Grayswood Ghost' features one of the whitest bark of all birches. This river birch is surprisingly fast growing in the nursery but quickly matures to a graceful weeping habit that controls its ultimate size. I have to agree the recommendation of your local nursery staff -- go with the river birch (Betula nigra), sometimes referred to as red birch in the nursery and horticulture trade. River birch (B. nigra) has a rich cinnamon-brown bark that peels beautifully (see bottom photo). Perfect for wet soils, 'Heritage' can tolerate locations with drier soils and is extremely resistant to bronze birch borer and leaf spot diseases. It likes a somewhat lighter soil. Often, varying bark textures can be admired on the same tree, and this adds a most attractive and stunning character during winter. Birches are also wonderful in the spring and summer as their graceful, airy crowns are draped with catkins and their small pointed leaves rustle in the slightest breeze. $5.89. They like consistently moist soils after planting, but will withstand some drought once established. Included in this group of “white-barked birches” are: European White Birch (Betula pendula) - The most commonly used birch native to the mountains of Europe and northern Asia. Salmon-cream to brownish at first, it exfoliates to reveal a creamy-white inner bark that can almost rival with the European white birches. Bark color and texture Young trees have a reddish-brown color, older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. Sep 8, 2015 - This variety of clump Birch tree is famous for its white chalk bark. Featuring a stately and broadly conical habit, it bears large, coarsely toothed, heart-shaped, bright green leaves, which warm up to a wonderful golden-yellow in fall. The first 3 or 4 years you have a White Birch planted in your garden, you want to water it after the initial planting and during periods of drought. has been written based on numerous outside resources. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. They enjoy being planted in full sun with moist, well-drained soil, but the Whitespire Birch can also tolerate drier, rockier soils. Betula nigra (River Birch) is a bushy deciduous tree prized for its incredible peeling bark. Plant bare-root trees only when small. The foliage of leathery, diamond-shaped, bright green leaves deepens to dark green as the season progresses, before turning pale yellow in fall. Perfect for wet soils, 'Little King' can tolerate locations with drier soils. In spring, tiny yellowish-brown male flowers appear in conspicuous catkins, 6 in. price Pricing Information Hardiness Zones The river birch can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9. River Birch Trees "River" birch is called so because, in its native habitat, it is often found growing near rivers. Vigorous, this deciduous tree captures the attention of those who encounter it. White-barked trees can have their trunks washed with warm water to remove any excessive algae build-up, before the return of winter. Common Name. Inspect the bark of all the white birches. slider closed. Whitespire Clump Birch. Betula utilis ‘Madison’ White … Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. This happens on both the trunk and branches. Whitespire Birch has a nice narrow, pyramidal size and a chalky white bark that looks great all season long. I don't think the location I see in the photo would be suitable. The foliage of leathery, diamond-shaped, bright green leaves deepens to dark green as the season progresses, before turning golden-yellow in fall. Highly popular, this birch is much loved for its graceful appearance, particularly in winter. Asked June 5, 2013, 1:24 PM EDT. For starters, it's resistant to common diseases, grows up to 2 to 3 feet each year, and adapts to a variety of soil types. jacquemontii (Himalayan Birch), Betula ermanii 'Grayswood Hill' (Erman's Birch), Betula utilis var. As the tree matures, the bark quickly changes to bright white and contrasts nicely with the tree canopy. European white birch trees have a slender trunk of perhaps a foot in width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy. The White Spire Birch is very tolerant of high temperatures. Genus name is the Latin name for birch. Vigorous and fast growing, this medium-sized deciduous tree has a large, pyramidal, upright habit. Native geographic location and habitat . Providing interest year round, this birch tree deserves a prominent spot in the landscape where its natural beauty can be enjoyed day after day. The chalky white bark, fluttery leaves and crisp, clean form are hard to miss. However, the leaves of river birch will become chlorotic (turn yellow) if grown in alkaline soils, which dominate our state. Classic, Fast-Growing Ornamental Tree Why Heritage® River Birch Trees? Mature Height 25' Mature Spread 10' Very attractive non-exfoliating white bark contrasts well the dark green foliage that turns yellow in the fall. This multi-stem "White Spire Birch" tree appears to be bleeding. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage. Wildlife value: River birches have high wildlife value. When Ed Hasselkus of the University of Wisconsin introduced this selection in 1983, he believed it to be a form of Asian White Birch. Furthermore, Whitespire birch is moderately susceptible to bronze birch borer, an insect which eventually kills many birch trees. ‘Royal Frost’ is an upright pyramidal birch featuring burgundy-red to purple foliage, showy yellow-orange to red fall color and attractive white bark. The effect is most spectacular when backlit by the setting sun. If you enjoy the multi stem look here is how you can do it yourself. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding yellow in the fall. long (7 cm), with some golden-yellow fall color before they shed for the winter. japonica 'Whitespire' Phonetic Spelling BET-yoo-luh pop-yoo-lih-FOH-lee-uh Description. Paper birch is known for its snow white, exfoliating bark, while water birch has mahogany or black bark. Whitespire Birch has chalky white bark that doesn’t exfoliate and is the fastest growing of all Birches. Perform… The name 'Whitespire' was incorrectly assigned to Betula platyphylla.. The Heritage River Birch is often chosen for its attractive bark and ability to resist disease. Whitespire birch, like most birch, prefers a wet, sheltered location. Thank you ( south Mpls facing east front yard). with Betula - Birches, Want Garden Inspiration? Birds and squirrels eat the male catkins in early spring. The ovate, irregularly toothed, dark green leaves turn bright yellow in fall. Specifications. Vigorous and fast growing, this medium-sized deciduous tree has an open, slender habit and bears oval, glossy, rich green leaves, 4 in. Betula nigra 'Heritage' is a beautiful river birch prized for its incredible peeling bark. The colourful, peeling bark will add interest to a winter landscape. Featuring an elegant, pyramidal habit, it bears ovate, toothed, lime-green leaves, 3 in. Hennepin County Minnesota. Heritage® River Birch (Clump) Betula nigra 'Cully' Sku #1246. Birches require little care. long (10 cm). Join now and start creating your dream garden! Few trees are more spectacular in winter than birches (Betula). for White-barked Birch The beautiful white, peeling bark makes white barked birch a popular specimen plant in the landscape. Showy yellow fall color. If a white birch has a resonable prospect of doing well, is there a white species that you recommend for central Illinois? This is a cultivar of a tree n ative to the northeastern United States. The Whitespire Birch displays chalk-white bark that does not exfoliate. ‘Royal Frost’ is an upright pyramidal birch featuring burgundy-red to purple foliage, showy yellow-orange to red fall color and attractive white bark. It typically matures over time to 30-40' tall and to 15-20' wide. The clump birch is a nice tree to grow in your backyard provided you live within USDA hardiness zones 3 through 6. Gallon(s) Bloom Color Family. It is a blend of cream, tan and orange and all branches from 1” up to 10” in diameter are covered by the strongly exfoliating or peeling bark. Paper birch bark peels off the tree in long, narrow strips and exposes an inner bark that is orange in color. Birch sap, birch water or birch juice is the sap directly tapped from birch trees, Betula alba (white birch), Betula pendula (silver birch), Betula lenta, Betula papyrifera, and Betula fontinalis.. Birch sap may be consumed both fresh and naturally fermented.When fresh, it is a clear and uncoloured liquid, often slightly sweet with a slightly silky texture. Grey birch is a native species that is best know for its ability to grow on very poor soils. This birch tree is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered to be resistant to bronze birch borer. It likes a somewhat lighter soil. The description of these plants Betula platyphylla, commonly called Japanese white birch, is a medium to large sized tree noted for its white bark, thin spreading branches and slightly pendant branchlets. It provides a very nice contrast with the summer canopy of ovate, glossy, dark green leaves. Thrives in moist areas. The whitest bark of all birches belongs to the Himalayan birch, Betula utilis. Salmon-pink, smooth and shiny at first, the bark flakes and curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets. A wonderful birch tree selection with snowy white bark and good fall color; higher resistance to the dreaded bronze birch borer than most other white-barked birches make this a preferred variety for home landscape use. Luminescent, its "ghostly white", smooth bark provides a very nice contrast with its dense summer canopy of large, very glossy, rich green leaves, 5 in. Vigorous and fast-growing, this medium-sized deciduous tree has an oval crown with gracefully ascending branches. It can be grown as a single stemmed tree, but also makes a wonderful multi-stemmed specimen. The tree has a medium to slow growth rate. Light Needs. Study the disparity between the shapes of the leaves of the white birch species in America. My problem is one of the trees I believe went into early Hibernation, it lost all of its leaves, 3 to 4 weeks before the other two trees last fall. One nursery had only red birches and told us white birches do not do well. To use the website as intended please  Type. Deciduous. An exceptional silhouette for night lighting. They are not fussy about soils and tolerate a wide range of conditions. However you first fell in love with Whitespire Birch (Betula populifolia 'Whitespire'), it makes a fabulous, fine-textured accent tree. An alternate common name is "black" birch, which is reflected in the species name, nigra (Latin for "black"). closed. Selected over twenty years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum. In St. Louis, gray birch is best grown in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loams in full sun to part shade. Maybe you've admired the pretty deciduous tree 3 blocks over. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding yellow in the fall. Asian White Birch; Japanese Gray Birch; Whitespire Japanese Birch; Previously known as: Betula platyphylla var. Vigorous, this medium-sized deciduous tree has a conical, upright, lightly spreading, bushy habit and is best grown as a specimen in a large lawn, where its glowing peeling bark can be admired in winter. Tolerant of wet soils, it’s the first weeping birch with resistance to the Bronze birch borer. Award-winning Betula albosinensis 'Red Panda' features a most attractive coppery-pink bark with subtle shades of caramel and honey, and abundant white lenticels (bumpy lines). It typically matures over time to 30-40' tall and to 15-20' wide. Plus, it's an elegant source of shade, with unique peeling bark that stands out in your landscape. Only plants will be removed from the collection. It can be purchased as a single stem or clump. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. long (15 cm). Prized for its foliage. We are seeking a second opinion re the white vs red birch. Resistant to bronze birch borer and air pollution. Birches are shallow rooted, therefore many herbaceous plants struggle when planted close to their roots, but spring bulbs such as Cyclamen coum will thrive. 1. White Birch or River Birch; From: Jim McMillan City: Springfield, IL: We like the visual aesthetics of the white birch and want to add one to our landscape. The river birch has not yet reached the popularity of many maples and oaks, but it is well on its way. Around 1993 this selection was renamed Betula populifolia ‘Whitespire’, unfortunately some nurseries still offer it as Whitespire Asian White Birch even when they have adopted the correct scientific name. Ideas with Betula - Birches, Create a Garden with Great Winter Interest, A Lovely Raised Bed Idea with Grasses, Blood Pinks and Sage, Shrubs and Trees with Attractive Winter Bark, 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, A1, A2. Vigorous and fast growing, this medium-sized deciduous tree has an open pyramidal habit with a graceful and delicate branching. White pine is an excellent companion planting for birch. Make sure to plant this tree where soil is likely to remain cool. A Whitespire birch "standard" is where there is only one trunk … An impressive specimen often grown as a clump of several trunks. Its striking bark is especially decorative and the leaves are small and easy to clean up in the fall. Vigorous and fast growing, this birch has a large, pyramidal, upright habit and bears diamond-shaped, glossy green leaves with silvery undersides, which turn yellow in fall. Betula pendula and Betula papyrifera can be grown in Zone 2. Whitespire Birch is a deciduous tree with a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. In spring, tiny male and female flowers appear in long catkins. The Whitespire Birch has green, glossy leaves in spring & summer, turning yellow in the fall. In the St. Louis area, it is best sited in a northern or eastern exposure that receives some afternoon shade. White birch, or paper birch (Betula papyrifera) simply does not fair well here in central Illinois due to the bronze birch borer! The paper birch has leaves that can grow to 4 inches in length, and the gray birch leaves average between 2 and 3 1/2 inches long, states the University of Connecticut Plant Database website. Usually ships within 3 to 5 weeks. It is more tolerant to drought than white-bark birches and is not attacked by bronze birch borer—great! The best word for this selection is outstanding. Use and Care Guide PDF. I have 3 Whitespire Birch clumps (Betula Platyhylla) that I planted about 8 years ago. Looking for a smaller shade tree for our front yard space - please do you think a white spire birch would work? Smooth in young trees, the bark gets rugged at the base in older trees. Tall, slender and elegant, they lavishly exhibit their peeling bark in a rich display of stark white, salmon-pink, copper, cinnamon-red or glistening chestnut brown. If you are set on a birch tree, I'd suggest river birch, which is resistant to the bronze birch borer and seems more adaptable to different sites. Vigorous and fast growing, this dwarf cultivar forms a dense, deciduous, multi-stemmed tree with a uniform broad-pyramidal to broad-rounded habit. Botanical Name.

white spire birch vs river birch

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